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Why hypoglycemia in diabetes?

  • The causes include:
  • Taking higher doses of certain antidiabetic medications such as insulin, sulphopnylureas (for example, glibenclamide, gliclazide), prandial glucose regulators (for example, repaglinide, nateglinide)
  • Medications such as antimalarial drugs
  • Deficiency of certain hormones involved in glucose metabolism e.g., cortisone
  • The risk factors include:
  • Delayed or skipping meals
  • Not consuming enough carbohydrates
  • Over exercising
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Medical conditions such as hepatitis, kidney problems
  • Diseases of pancreas that can lead to increased production of insulin

PreventionPrevention

  • Identifying the symptoms and taking immediate action is the primary preventive measure
  • Let your family and friends know the symptoms of hypoglycemia so as to get timely help
  • Discuss and check with your doctor if the medication doses can be altered
  • Read the instruction of your medications properly to keep yourself updated on their side effects
  • Take a blood test every 15-20 minutes to ensure the blood glucose levels have reached normal levels
  • Wear a medical alert bracelet or badge to let people know you have episodes of hypoglycemia

ComplicationsComplications

Extreme (or prolonged) hypoglycemia can lead to coma and death.

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askDoes having hypoglycemia mean have diabetes?Does having hypoglycemia mean have diabetes?Many people think of hypoglycemia as something that only occurs in people with diabetes. However, it can also occur in people who don’t have diabetes. Hypoglycemia is different from hyperglycemia, which occurs when you have too much sugar in your bloodstream. Hypoglycemia can happen in people with diabetes if the body produces too much insulin.

    Symptoms

    Symptoms are sudden and range from mild to severe:

    • Excessive sweating
    • Tiredness, lightheadedness
    • Feeling dizzy and weak
    • Being pale
    • A sudden Feeling of excess hunger
    • Increased heart rate
    • Blurred vision
    • Confusion
    • Irritable or nervous

    Symptoms of hypoglycemia during sleep include:

    • Having nightmares
    • Crying in sleep
    • Excessive sweating so as to dampen your clothes
    • Feeling tired, irritated or confused after waking up

    Severe cases can lead to:

    • Convulsions/seizures
    • Delirium
    • Fainting
    • Loss of consciousness

    CausesCauses

    • The causes include:
    • Taking higher doses of certain antidiabetic medications such as insulin, sulphopnylureas (for example, glibenclamide, gliclazide), prandial glucose regulators (for example, repaglinide, nateglinide)
    • Medications such as antimalarial drugs
    • Deficiency of certain hormones involved in glucose metabolism e.g., cortisone
    • The risk factors include:
    • Delayed or skipping meals
    • Not consuming enough carbohydrates
    • Over exercising
    • Consumption of alcohol
    • Medical conditions such as hepatitis, kidney problems
    • Diseases of pancreas that can lead to increased production of insulin

    PreventionPrevention

    • Identifying the symptoms and taking immediate action is the primary preventive measure
    • Let your family and friends know the symptoms of hypoglycemia so as to get timely help
    • Discuss and check with your doctor if the medication doses can be altered
    • Read the instruction of your medications properly to keep yourself updated on their side effects
    • Take a blood test every 15-20 minutes to ensure the blood glucose levels have reached normal levels
    • Wear a medical alert bracelet or badge to let people know you have episodes of hypoglycemia

    ComplicationsComplications

    Extreme (or prolonged) hypoglycemia can lead to coma and death.

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?Does having hypoglycemia mean have diabetes? Many people think of hypoglycemia as something that only occurs in people with diabetes. However, it can also occur in people who don’t have diabetes. Hypoglycemia is different from hyperglycemia, which occurs when you have too much sugar in your bloodstream. Hypoglycemia can happen in people with diabetes if the body produces too much insulin.

    Why do people with diabetes crave sugar? For people with diabetes, the body does not react to the insulin, the excess glucose remains in the blood and the blood glucose level rises. Since your body is not getting the required amount of energy, you start to feel lethargic. As a result, you begin craving sugar as your body starts to look at sugar as a quick source of energy.

    Why do I have low blood sugar after eating? In fasting hypoglycemia, a person gets low blood sugar if they haven’t eaten for a while. Reactive hypoglycemia is low blood sugar that occurs after eating, usually due to eating a meal high in carbohydrates. This causes the blood sugar to rise rapidly, which in some cases may stimulate excess secretion of insulin.

    Why does my blood glucose drop after eating? The sudden influx of glucose causes the release of large amounts of insulin, which removes too much glucose and causes blood glucose to drop. Eating foods with a low glycemic index helps avoid dropping blood sugar levels after eating.

    What is a normal sugar range for a diabetic?

    What is a normal sugar range for a diabetic? A proper diabetic blood sugar range is anywhere between 80 mg/dl to 140mg/dl. The amounts that diabetics have are way above 140 mg/dl.

    What if your blood sugar is too low? If your blood sugar drops too low, you can have a low blood sugar reaction, called hypoglycemia. A low blood sugar reaction can come on fast. It is caused by taking too much insulin, missing a meal, delaying a meal, exercising too much, or drinking too much alcohol.

    What can cause hypoglycemia? Other conditions that can cause hypoglycemia include hyperinsulinism (high levels of blood insulin), underactive pituitary gland and inborn errors of metabolism such as maple syrup urine disease.

    What are the symptoms of low blood sugar in diabetics? The American Diabetes Association (ADA) lists the following as symptoms of low blood sugar: Feeling shaky. Being nervous or anxious. Sweating, chills, and clamminess. Irritability or impatience. Confusion. Fast heartbeat.