Are you worried about your blood sugar levels but not sure when to start panicking? Fear not, my friend! In this article, we will be discussing all things related to high blood sugar numbers. We’ll cover what causes it, its symptoms, and how to maintain healthy levels.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Before diving into the specifics of high blood sugar numbers, it’s essential to understand what it is in general. Blood sugar, also known as glucose, comes from food our bodies process. Our cells use glucose for energy production.
However, every time we eat a meal with carbohydrates or sugars, our body produces insulin-a hormone that helps move glucose out of the bloodstream into our cells so they can use them as fuel. But if there’s insufficient insulin production or function like in diabetes patients- excess glucose remains circulating within the bloodstream-causing hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
So What Constitutes High Blood Sugar?
High blood sugar varies depending on different factors such as age and preexisting health conditions.
For people without diabetes:
- Fasting blood glucose reading should range between 70 mg/dL to 99mg/dL.
Two hours after eating – less than 140 mg /dL reading are considered normal.
For individuals dealing with diabetes:
Blood Glucose readings above 160 mg / dL two hours after eating indicates poor glycemic control
- A fasting plasma glucose level higher than 126mg/ dL may indicate severe hyperglycemia and diagnostic of diabetes Some additional signs and Symptoms that accompany alarmingly high readings include: blurred vision,dry mouth urinary frequency ,thirsty feelings
Once you cross these values consistently over weeks or months-your pancreas might sustain irreversible healing damage leading potentially-to lifelong complications like cardiovascular disease stroke nerve-end-damage retinopathy etcetera .
Why should I worry about it when I don’t have the symptoms?
It’s important to note that high blood sugar doesn’t always come with pesky symptoms. Some people go undiagnosed for years because they feel completely fine.
That being said, glucose works like a slow poison in your bloodstream, causing damage to various organs and systems of your body without throwing up any visible red flags until advanced stages.
The longer one endures chronic hyperglycemia with diabetic elevations leading up into prediabetic range- the more hazardous it becomes-the cells develop reduced functionality -most commonly impairing eyes,kidney feet .
What are the effects of prolonged hyperglycemia?
Having a consistently high blood sugar level can cause severe complications.
Here are some examples:
When you leave excess glucose floating around in your bloodstream over time, small damage happens continuously at different places within your arteries’ thin walls where fatty buildup structures (plaque) get deposited damaging Elasticity causing hardening constriction including paving ways to blockages & rupturing events amongst many other dangers-waiting-to-happen!
These plaque deposits may prevent proper flow bringing upon heart attacks or strokes-increasing chances progressively as readings worsen since hypertension results from endothelial dysfunction induced by oxidative stress coming from uncontrolled hyperglycemia over long-term concerns
High blood sugar levels can also harm nerves responsible for vision, leading eventually to blindness-causing retinopathy. Prolonged exposure alongside Congruent microvascular changes like newfound vessel growth or leaking tends to lead them towards occluded-off areas which-is-a terrifying prospect especially For individuals who treasure sight lightly ;maintaining glycemic control is crucial here
Another common complication arising from worrying insulin resistance due-most-commonly-To chronically-high-pressure gliding across nerve fibers-with-or-without subsequent demyelination involving sensing lack of hot or cold sensations, numbness tingling-in hands/feet) Most cases develop the neuropathy towards distal body-parts further extending with diminishing glycemic management evidenced in head-to-toe-type Neuropathic scenarios
Prolonged hyperglycemia doesn’t spare your pearly whites either! In most people, glucose provides nourishment to harmful bacteria living on teeth and gums-causing gingivitis (gum inflammation) which-if not corrected-may culminate into periodontitis-inflicting irreversible bone loss leaving one vulnerable towards tooth loss. Henceforth avoiding sugary foods & Drinks is always proactively beneficial for healthier diabetic lifestyles rather than waiting for problems to manifest themselves.
How can I maintain healthy blood sugar levels?
Maintaining healthy blood sugar levels requires a mix of diet, exercise, and medication if necessary.
Here are some tips:
Having meals low in carbohydrates but rich in protein-fiber given-RDA guidelines helps regulate postprandial glucose spikes while delaying hunger pangs until next meal while also providing full satiation after eating naturally medium-sized portions -Vegetables,brown rice,pulses,oats,lentils ,broccoli-are just several valid examples worthy of mention here
But High-glycemic-index Foods And Beverages Alongside Alcohol should-be avoided like-the-plague Steer-clear from soda canned-juices saturated-fat laden items fast-foods takeout options primarily fried.
If consuming alcohol allowed drinks yet deserves highly moderation since it hinders insulin action-making it more difficult controlling higher readings consistently over time;you don’t want any complications arising later .
Physical activity reduces insulin resistance-significantly necessitating maintenance-oriented Exercising routines prescribed by Qualified health practitioners to improve muscle mass with increasing metabolic rate hence promoting quality diabetes control overall across board-smoothening out bumps appearing overtime when relying solely upon nutrition alone .
Simple exercises like walking, cycling or basic casual sports suffice towards garnering the beneficial effects once practiced regularly-for an appropriate duration consistently – since it helps boost bodily function improving glucose uptake amongst other things
Medications like insulin & metformin help regulate and stabilize blood sugar levels; but taking them under medical supervision is critical to ensure your metabolism remains unharmed-duet-the potency of powerful prescription drugs allowing regular check-ups alongside monitoring valuable .
In conclusion, high blood sugar poses a significant threat to our overall health if left unchecked. Still, with a proper diet plan, exercise routine and medication use that you might potentially require- it shouldn’t scare anyone since this type of concern is entirely manageable giving patients in control over their lives again.
Take charge today by establishing healthy habits so you can lead a happy life without compromising on any areas plagued hyperglycemia concerns showing up gradually putting your health at further risk.
Hey there, I’m Dane Raynor, and I’m all about sharing fascinating knowledge, news, and hot topics. I’m passionate about learning and have a knack for simplifying complex ideas. Let’s explore together!
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