Whats a herniated disc?

Have you ever had the absolute pleasure of experiencing back pain? If you have, then there’s a good chance that you may have heard about herniated discs. But, what is it exactly? And, more importantly, do we need to be frightened by it or does it just sound scarier than it actually is?

What are We Dealing With?

Okay so let me break this down for those not in the medical field. A herniated disc occurs when a small tear or crack forms in one of your rubbery spinal discs (also known as intervertebral discs). You know those wobbly things sitting between your vertebrae which cushion them and help you bend and twist around like some sort of circus contortionist? Well these little guys go from friend to foe if they decide to rupture. The inner part of the disc spills out through that crack thus causing intense pressure on surrounding nerves – this can lead to unbearable pain.

An Impolite Guest

Our disks almost seem like an uninvited guest that show up without warning and spoil our fun. Here’s how I described this type of intrusion: “Think about someone crashing your house party; everyone was having such a great time until one dude got too drunk and started doing crazy stuff.” Yup! That’s almost what happens with herniated discs except instead of ruining our party he ruins our body movement.

How Can It Happen?

There isn’t always something obvious that causes disks to squish their way out knocking on neighbors’ doors:/ This can occur with even seemingly less active chores such as lifting heavy objects incorrectly or pushing furniture,jumping,bending etc.You never really know where/how/why..It’s kind of mysterious..

But hang on…it doesn’t just happen because we lifted a heavy 200-pound boulder while trying to prove our strength in front of our grandma. Possible factors can be : Age – the disks deteriorate, become less flexible and more vulnerable with age; Genetics – you may inherit a predisposition or weakness to disk problems; SmokingApparently, smoking reduces oxygen supply leading to weakening of the discs…So here’s one major plus point for those trying to quit smoking.

What Are The Symptoms?

At this point, you’re probably thinking that if it sounds so awful then there must be warning bells ringing like your schools fire alarm system! Well… not really! There are actually instances when people have herniated >10 % of their spine without any symptoms at all. Now before we jump on this point start jumping around pretending every fall is just us being clumsy please remember that others aren’t as lucky.

Often Confused Symptom

The most commonly heard symptom is lower back pain but did you know it’s not the only factor? Yes, yes indeed!I’m spilling tea today folks. One very common symptom often confused by many,is sciatica which occurs due to a narrowing in some parts of back muscles near nerves causing muscle-spasm like pain travelling down legs.This kind of unpredictable guest likes adding drama huh!

‘Pins And Needles’

A classic tingling sensation known as pins-and-needles,burning,pain radiating around hip area,frequent numbness(or worsening condition) in one leg mostly from foot upwards,worsening after continued walking/exercising.There are two types: Lumbar Disc Herniation (lower back region) and Cervical Disc Herniation( neck region).

Now these symptoms don’t necessarily just magically fix themselves. If they persist longer than 2 weeks or worsen over time ,You should definitely get medical advice because well.. better safe than sorry,right?

Diagnosis Time

Fingers Crossed. So let’s say worst come to worst and we end up with these unpleasant symptoms. ”Doctor how would you go about diagnosing such finicky pain'”. Well there are multiple diagnostic tests available – this includes MRI scans for its high resolution ability to detect nerve root compression,CT Scan,X-rays or even Electromyography testing(nerve conduction studies). They can all help diagnose the condition by highlighting structure abnormalities.

Simple movements like bending over,sitting down ,coughing or sneezing may act as ‘bait maneuvers’; trigger any aggrevated nerves.The tests alongside physical diagnosis of our condition not just helps in figuring out the problem but also lets us know where we stand without going any further downhill!

How Can It Be Treated?

Now it’s finally time to learn some good ol’ fashion healing methods.There are a number of treatment options available depending on severity so here is what you could expect:

Let Control Do The Trick(Fingers Crossed Excercise Helps Alone)

Good news: There’s chance that exercising alone might manage total problem especially if your case was mild! This kind of herniation whose size is small,might decrease over time if stretching/maintaining flexibility/working-out .Yay exercise!

Analgesics And Therapy

Okay now let’s assume that things took an extra layer of complication…Extra layer being “way way worse bruuh”.Of course,factors like weight loss,having enough rest,icing area around affected part and analgesics/pain meds under professional guidance could aid reducing painful inflammation.
For more long term results,you might need medication coupled with physical therapy.(btw did I mention “hot-tub”?) Under therapist supervision via massage,cold/hot compresses-acupuncture-protective muscle strengthening exercises/lifestyle changes.Once again..exercise does wonders people.

Here it goes guys the one solution nobody wants to talk about. When things reach a last resort due to no improvement or worsening pain/spinal-pinched nerves,you might need surgery.Thankfully this doesn’t always mean invasive large-scale malice 🙂 Microdiscectomy: (common minimal-invasive surgical method) – it only requires an incision of size normally around ~1 inch.There’s also Laminectomy available if you’re dealing with the spinal canal rather than herniated disk itself! This can be done via complete removal of disc/troubled areas, operation is usually performed under general anesthesia and understandably when everything fails.Last thing we want to do here is add anxiety to your already stressful plate so there are reasons why surgery should be last-resort; For example nerve throbbing sometimes may linger even after operation.

Is It Chronic?

To answer ‘Is Herniated Disc A Chronic Condition ?’, Rare circumstances exist which make issue permanent but most people’s conditions are resolvable. In cases requiring surgery,the outcome is successful,but in either case – keeping up with preventive measures for example maintaining correct posture,getting enough rest and exercise helps recovery along astoundingly.’Slow and steady wins the race folks.’

That’s all from me friends.My usual tendency would’ve been boring scientific mumbo-jumbo but that doesn’t really break down facts easily does it? So expectedly I went for a style-switch which hopefully explained what-hows-and-whys behind injury..However tempting snack hunting or netflix binge on our bed may seem,it’s important not to neglect postural adjustments/exercise while lazing around now more than ever!!
Remember ‘Fabulous’ got nothing on you guys just keep crushing it…and perhaps slip these new-found knowledge nuggets into your next party conversations.I’ll see myself out!

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