What organ does hep b affect?

Hepatitis B or hep B, is a sneaky, silent killer that affects millions of people around the world. This disease is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV), which attacks one particular organ and wreaks havoc on its victim. So, what organ does hep b affect?

A Struggle for Power: HBV vs Your Liver

The liver is your body’s powerhouse organ, responsible for detoxification, protein synthesis and bile secretion among other things. When you are infected with HBV, it manages to slip past your immune system’s defense mechanisms and finds its way into your liver cells, called hepatocytes.

Once inside these liver cells, the viral replication begins! The multiplication of HBV leads to inflammation in the liver tissue as well as damage to these vital organs’ functionality.

It’s All about Time

During acute hep B infection, which usually lasts up to six months after initial exposure to contaminated blood or bodily fluids such as saliva or semen, classic symptoms including fatigue, loss of appetite , yellowing of eyes/skin, abdominal discomfort along with elevated levels of ALT may be observed.In this stage, prompt diagnosis and treatment can help limit long-term effects like chronic hepatitis B

If left untreated, acute hep b can advance into a more life-threatening form known as chronic hepatitis-B – where continued damage adds-up over time leading towards serious complications like cirrhosis(late-stage fibrosis)and hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).So let us look at how chronic hep b occurs.

Chronic Hepatitis – How It Happens?

Chronic does not mean cool here! As compared with acute infection whose defences were overwhelmed causing spasmodic phase ;chronic infections reflect weakened defence responses allowing subtlely continuing presence of virus :

  • In some patients (~95% adults but only <5% infants)
  • This milder manifestation of HBV virus might exist for years with few or no symptoms, silently progressing towards advanced liver disease.

The Silent Organ Killer

As you can see, the answer to what organ does hep B affect is quite clear: it’s your liver!

The chronic effects of hepatitis B are severe and deadly. Over time, continuous damage to your liver cells leads to scarring known as cirrhosis—and in worse cases of cirrhotic livers the portal hypertension and resultant swelling throughout the body case become life threatening

Alongside that fear-inducing word lies an ever more dangerous malignancy threat – hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), commonly known as primary ^liver cancer which has limited treatment alternatives especially when detected late

This nasty silent attacker affects more than 257 million people worldwide! It all comes down to prevention – so make sure you get vaccinated against Hepatitis B today!

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