What is true about heart valves?

Let’s talk about those little flappy things in your heart. No, not the ones that flutter when you see someone cute. We’re talking about heart valves! These babies are responsible for keeping your blood flowing smoothly and efficiently through your body. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what exactly a heart valve does (hint: it’s more complex than you might think), common problems that can arise with them, and how they’re treated.

The Basics

So, just what is a heart valve? Essentially, it’s like a trapdoor that opens and closes to control the flow of blood through your heart. There are four of them total – two on the left side of the heart (the mitral valve and aortic valve) and two on the right side (the tricuspid valve and pulmonary valve). Each one has specific roles in ensuring that oxygen-rich blood gets pumped to where it needs to go without any backflow or leakage.

Types of Heart Valves

Not all valves are created equal! There are actually two main types: mechanical and biological.

Mechanical Valves

Mechanical valves tend to last longer than biological ones but require lifelong use of blood-thinning medication.

Biological Valves

Biological valves come from human or animal donors or involve using tissues / cells taken from other areas within the patient’s body.

How they Work

Okay, now let’s get into how these things actually function – because it’s pretty wild when you stop to think about it. When your heart beats, pressure builds up behind each closed-valve-trapdoor-thingy until eventually there isn’t enough space for all that extra fluid energy goodness AND any new incoming deoxygenated blood looking for an exit off its bodily vessel highway traffic jammed up behind so much glorious air gunk lung byproduct happening :).

Common Problems

Unfortunately, sometimes things go wrong with these important little flappy guys. Here are some of the most common issues:


When a heart valve narrows and prevents blood from flowing through properly.


When leaking occurs due to improperly closing valves.


The leaflets don’t close tightly or evenly allowing them to “billow” upward.


If it turns out you do have an issue with one (or more) of your valves, there are a few different treatment options available. Here’s a quick rundown:

Medications and lifestyle changes

For mild cases of stenosis or regurgitation, medications such as diuretics or beta blockers can help manage symptoms without surgery.


In conclusion, heart valves truly are fascinating little buggers! They play a crucial role in maintaining our circulatory systems’ health but often fall prey to medical issues like stenosis and prolapse that may need fixing if caught early enough by qualified physicians who know what they’re doing when taking on this type of challenge.Ain’t nobody got time for leaky trapdoors + fluid energy goodness clogs:)