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What is ldl cholesterol mean?

LDL is also called “bad” cholesterol because it blocks your blood vessels and increases your risk of heart disease. HDL is considered “good” cholesterol because it helps protect you from heart disease. The higher your HDL, the better. Finally, total cholesterol includes a triglycerides count.

Is LDL the good or bad cholesterol? LDL is also called “bad” cholesterol because it blocks your blood vessels and increases your risk of heart disease. HDL is considered “good” cholesterol because it helps protect you from heart disease. The higher your HDL, the better. Finally, total cholesterol includes a triglycerides count.

Why is LDL considered bad cholesterol? LDL cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is considered bad because it produces something called plaque (a thick, hard deposit) which can clog your arteries. When arteries become clogged, they narrow – and less blood is able to get to the heart. In the worst case, they completely block blood from reaching your heart, or they cause a blood clot.

Which type of cholesterol is good, HDL or LDL?

Cholesterol: The good and the bad

  • LDL (bad) cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is considered the “bad” cholesterol, because it contributes to fatty buildups in arteries ( atherosclerosis ).
  • HDL (good) cholesterol. HDL cholesterol can be thought of as the “good” cholesterol because a healthy level may protect against heart attack and stroke.
  • Triglycerides.

What number of LDL cholesterol should I Aim for? Your target LDL number can vary, depending on your underlying risk of heart disease. Most people should aim for an LDL level below 130 mg/dL (3.4 mmol/L). If you have other risk factors for heart disease, your target LDL may be below 100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L).

What foods cause high LDL levels?

What foods cause high LDL levels? Saturated fats are the biggest dietary cause of high LDL levels, reports MedlinePlus. Sources of saturated fats include animal products — whole milk, butter, cream, ice cream, cheese and fatty meats — and vegetable oils, such as palm and coconut. Recommended limits of saturated fat intake are 10 percent of your total calories.

What foods raise bad cholesterol? Saturated and trans fat and cholesterol from foods increase your bad cholesterol. Foods that can increase your bad LDL cholesterol are animal fats such as poultry skin, red meat fat, egg yolk and full-fat dairy.

What happens when your HDL is below 40? According to the National Cholesterol Education Program, HDL levels below 40 milligrams per deciliter increase your risk of developing heart disease. Estrogen tends to boost HDL levels, so young women often have higher HDL levels than men.

What causes high LDL values? Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder that causes dangerously high levels of LDL, or “fad” cholesterol from birth. If you have a family history of heart disease and very high cholesterol, you may have FH. FH can be diagnosed with a simple blood test, or lipid panel.