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What is hypertensive crisis?

Hypertensive crisis is an umbrella term for hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency. These two conditions occur when blood pressure becomes very high, possibly causing organ damage. Hypertensive urgency occurs when blood pressure spikes — blood pressure readings are 180/110 or higher — but there is no damage to the body’s organs.

What are the risks of hypertension? High blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, increases your risk of developing many serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.

What are the three stages of hypertension? The medical term for high blood pressure is hypertension, (Hypertension). With high blood pressure there are three stages; pre-hypertension, stage 1 and stage 2, (What is High Blood Pressure?).

What is the most dangerous blood pressure? High blood pressure above 200 systolic and 100 diastolic can lead to acute complications such as stroke, heart failure or kidney damage. Long-term pressures above 140/85 can cause problems with the heart, the brain, the kidneys or blood vessels. High blood pressure is dangerous.

When to go to ER for BP? Seek emergency care if your blood pressure reading is 180/110 or higher and you have any of the following symptoms, which may be signs of organ damage: Chest pain. Shortness of breath. Numbness or weakness.

Symptoms

Symptoms

Most of the people are symptomless, others may experience:

  • Severe headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleed
  • Severe anxiety
  • Feeling of pulsations in the neck or head

CausesCauses

  • Exact causes of high blood pressure are not known. Hypertension can be categorised into two types, each type has a different cause.
  • Primary hypertension (essential hypertension): This type of blood pressure usually takes many years to develop and probably is a result of lifestyle, environment, and age.
  • Lifestyle -sedentary lifestyle
  • Environment – poor diet, stress
  • Age – More common after 50 years of age
  • Secondary hypertension: High blood pressure caused due to health problem or certain medications.
  • Family history may increase the risk for primary hypertension.
  • High salt intake or salt sensitivity
  • Smoking
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Too much of alcohol consumption
  • Stress
  • Age – above 50 years
  • Factors which may cause secondary hypertension include:
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney problems
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Thyroid or adrenal gland problems
  • Birth control pills

PreventionPrevention

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Get regular exercise
  • Reduce salt intake
  • Learn to manage tension or stress
  • Take a well-balanced diet rich in calcium, potassium, and magnesium

ComplicationsComplications

After a prolonged period, untreated high blood pressure can cause heart disease and related complications such as heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.

Other complications include:

  • Fluid build up in the lungs
  • Vision loss
  • Kidney damage
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Memory loss

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What is one of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension? One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that it may be asymptomatic . The early stages of hypertension may present with no clinical manifestations other than elevated blood pressure. Diagnosis of hypertension requires blood pressure measurement on at least two separate occasions. These two measurements are then averaged.

What can a person reduce the risk of hypertension? Exercise is a good way for people with pre-hypertension or slightly high blood pressure from turning into fully developed hypertension. Aerobic exercise including walking, cycling, swimming, dancing, or jogging is the most effective for reducing blood pressure.

How does hypertension kill you? By narrowing or an aneurysm of the arteries supplying the brain, hypertension can eventually lead to death of brain tissue. Depending on how severe it is, it may be fatal. The brain is the most oxygen-sensitive organ in the body.

Why can smoking lead to hypertension? Cigarette smoking highly increases pulmonary hypertension mainly due to the reactive nitrogen species and consequent oxidative vascular damages, as concluded by the authors.