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What is a soft heart murmur in adults?

A heart murmur is a sound heard by a stethoscope made by the vibration of blood flow. It can be a normal finding in young healthy people, or can represent abnormal leakage (regurgitation) of a valve, valve narrowing (stenosis), or a congenital condition such as an atrial septal defect, a ventricular septal defect, or patent ductus arteriosus.

Is it normal to develop a heart murmur as an adult? Not all heart murmurs acquired in adulthood are abnormal. Just like childhood heart murmurs, adults too can develop ones that are asymptomatic. The murmur may even disappear after a short time. Pregnant women can develop a heart murmur from the increased amount of blood that flows during pregnancy.

What are the risks of having a heart murmur? Risk factors for a heart murmur include congenital defects of the heart valves, heart valve diseases or infection, and other heart valve abnormalities including atherosclerotic heart disease, heart attack, aortic aneurysm, and connective tissue disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus and Marfan syndrome.

What causes a normal heart murmur? Among the conditions that may cause a normal, or innocent, heart murmur are: Small blood vessels to the lung arteries (called pulmonary arteries) in newborn children. This is called physiologic peripheral pulmonary stenosis, or PPS. Before birth, there is little blood flow to the lungs.

How bad is a heart murmur? Difficulty feeding. Difficulty developing, and gaining weight appropriately. Most heart murmurs in well-developed children are harmless. In adults, heart abnormalities may cause chest pain, and heart failure with symptoms of shortness of breath and swelling of the extremities.

What are the risks of having a heart murmur?

What are the risks of having a heart murmur? Risk factors for a heart murmur include congenital defects of the heart valves, heart valve diseases or infection, and other heart valve abnormalities including atherosclerotic heart disease, heart attack, aortic aneurysm, and connective tissue disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus and Marfan syndrome.

How can one prevent heart murmur? Diuretics . These medications are used to lower blood pressure, which can reduce the heart murmur. They prevent you from retaining too much water in your body. Angiotensis-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. These medications lower blood pressure, and by doing so, can improve your heart murmur.

How bad is a heart murmur? Difficulty feeding. Difficulty developing, and gaining weight appropriately. Most heart murmurs in well-developed children are harmless. In adults, heart abnormalities may cause chest pain, and heart failure with symptoms of shortness of breath and swelling of the extremities.

What causes a heart murmur to suddenly appear? Heart murmurs are caused by changes in the heart’s normal blood flow . They can occur when blood leaks through the heart valves , or when there are heart muscle defects like contractions or dilation. When either the blood vessels or heart chambers narrow, heart murmurs will occur as well.