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What infections cause enlarged spleen?

  • Causes of enlarged spleen include:
  • Viral infections e.g. mononucleosis
  • Bacterial infections e.g. syphilis
  • Parasitic infections e.g. malaria
  • Liver condition such as cirrhosis
  • Blood cell disorders like sickle cell anemia, hemolytic anemia
  • Blood cancers e.g. leukemia, lymphomas
  • Metabolic disorders e.g. Niemann-pick disease
  • Blood clots or pressure in the veins of the liver or spleen
  • Inflammatory diseases, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Risk factors include:
  • People with inherited metabolic disorders affecting the spleen
  • Individuals with infections such as mononucleosis
  • People living in areas with high malaria prevalence

PreventionPrevention

Certain causes of splenomegaly can be prevented.

  • Avoiding alcohol abuse can prevent cirrhosis which can eventually lead to an enlarged spleen.
  • Many infections can be prevented by getting vaccinations against them.

ComplicationsComplications

If untreated, it may lead to complications such as:

  • Frequent infections due to decreased white blood cells
  • Anemia and bleeding leads to decreased platelet and red blood cell count
  • Increased risk of spleen rupture (which can cause internal bleeding)

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askHow do you treat a damaged spleen?How do you treat a damaged spleen?There are two main types of treatment for a ruptured spleen: Surgical intervention and observation. Many people with a ruptured spleen experience serious bleeding that requires immediate surgery on the abdomen. The surgeon will cut open the abdomen and operate with a procedure called a laparotomy.

    Symptoms

    Mild cases may be asymptomatic. Symptoms may be direct manifestations of the enlarged spleen, but they are more often symptoms of the underlying cause.

    • Pain in the upper abdomen and bloating
    • Early satiety or fullness in the stomach
    • Anemia
    • Frequent infections
    • Fever
    • Weight loss
    • Fatigue
    • Jaundice
    • Easy bleeding

    CausesCauses

    • Causes of enlarged spleen include:
    • Viral infections e.g. mononucleosis
    • Bacterial infections e.g. syphilis
    • Parasitic infections e.g. malaria
    • Liver condition such as cirrhosis
    • Blood cell disorders like sickle cell anemia, hemolytic anemia
    • Blood cancers e.g. leukemia, lymphomas
    • Metabolic disorders e.g. Niemann-pick disease
    • Blood clots or pressure in the veins of the liver or spleen
    • Inflammatory diseases, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
    • Risk factors include:
    • People with inherited metabolic disorders affecting the spleen
    • Individuals with infections such as mononucleosis
    • People living in areas with high malaria prevalence

    PreventionPrevention

    Certain causes of splenomegaly can be prevented.

    • Avoiding alcohol abuse can prevent cirrhosis which can eventually lead to an enlarged spleen.
    • Many infections can be prevented by getting vaccinations against them.

    ComplicationsComplications

    If untreated, it may lead to complications such as:

    • Frequent infections due to decreased white blood cells
    • Anemia and bleeding leads to decreased platelet and red blood cell count
    • Increased risk of spleen rupture (which can cause internal bleeding)

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?How do you treat a damaged spleen? There are two main types of treatment for a ruptured spleen: Surgical intervention and observation. Many people with a ruptured spleen experience serious bleeding that requires immediate surgery on the abdomen. The surgeon will cut open the abdomen and operate with a procedure called a laparotomy.

    Why is my spleen enlarged? The spleen may become enlarged (splenomegaly) due to many different causes. Common causes of enlarged spleen include: liver disease (cirrhosis), cancers of the blood or bone (such as lymphoma, leukemia, polycythemia vera, and thrombocythemia),

    What are signs of a spleen infection? A viral infection may cause extreme fatigue in addition to a swollen spleen. A sore throat and a fever may be symptomatic of a swollen spleen that’s caused by a viral infection.

    What is splenomegaly disease? Splenomegaly is a medical condition in which the spleen becomes enlarged. Causes for splenomegaly may include infections, blood cancers, liver diseases, and metabolic disorders, or even undue pressure on the liver and spleen’s veins or blood clots in those veins. Specific diseases that may cause the condition include…

    Can a damaged spleen heal itself?

    Can a damaged spleen heal itself? In some situations which are not severe, a ruptured spleen may not require surgery, because the spleen will heal by itself. But even in such cases, people will still have to be hospitalized for some time, and their condition will have to be monitored.

    How do you treat a damaged spleen? There are two main types of treatment for a ruptured spleen: Surgical intervention and observation. Many people with a ruptured spleen experience serious bleeding that requires immediate surgery on the abdomen. The surgeon will cut open the abdomen and operate with a procedure called a laparotomy.

    What are signs of spleen injury? Common signs and symptoms of a spleen injury: A child with an injured spleen may have some or all of the following signs and symptoms: Pain in the upper left side of the abdomen Pain in the left shoulder caused by blood irritating the diaphragm Broken ribs on the left side.

    What are the symptoms of a damaged spleen? The most prominent symptom of spleen damage is upper left abdominal pain under the ribcage or upper stomach pain. The area around the upper left abdomen can also feel tender, and the area surrounding the spleen will often be bruised.