What happens when u have high blood pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a serious medical condition that affects millions of people worldwide. If you’re suffering from high blood pressure or know someone who is, then this article is for you! In the next 2000 words, we’ll explore what happens when you have high blood pressure and how to manage it. But first…

Let’s get scientific

Before we dive in too deep, let’s understand what exactly happens when you have high blood pressure. High blood pressure occurs when the force of your blood against your artery walls is too strong. This can cause damage to your arteries and increase your risk of heart disease or stroke.

Most people only find out they have high blood pressure during routine checkups with their doctor. However, some signs and symptoms may include:

  • Headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness

It’s important to note that these symptoms are not definitive proof that one has high blood pressure; consulting with a healthcare professional should always be prioritized.

Now let’s explore in-depth the significant changes occurring within our body when someone suffers from High Blood Pressure (HBP).

Cardiovascular System

The cardiovascular system consists of organs like the heart and circulatory system as well as fundamental components such as veins and capillaries – therefore it goes without saying HBP wreaks havoc on your cardiovascular wellbeing.

When HBP ensues over time (called chronic hypertension), there’s an increase in arterial stiffness which decreases flexibility impairing proper functioning by raising resistance throughout our bloodstream.
In turn harder workloads are required by our hardworking hearts leading problems such as thickening + enlargement resulting cardio altering strain on essential organs along with muscles receiving inadequate oxygenated nutrition vital towards overall health.

Prolonged elevation leads down gradual damage paths encountering situations like:

  • Coronary Artery Disease (or CAD).Blood holds nutrients required nourishment for essential organs involved when blood vessels encounter blockages it retains harm.

  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is also similar to CAD where the clogging of your arteries is focused on the limbs instead of your heart.

To combat such damage, our bodies rely on a control system known as the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System. (RAAS)

The RAAS System

This ingenious system involves hormones and enzymes designed to regulate blood pressure precisely constantly keeping tabs on necessary components like blood flow, water-electrolyte balance via informing organs/interacting with endocrine parts while regulating hypertension’s mechanisms.

Surprisingly there are different types/styles of high BP itself which we will highlight:

  1. Primary or Essential High Blood Pressure: It develops slowly over time due towards some other physiological changes within one’s body either from direct cause or result from an interconnected series afterward. A common culprit originates genetics once thought to be attributed aging however recent discoveries suggest lifestyle hygiene factors play more significance than formerly believed although genetic factors undoubtedly do contribute.(rare cases pre-existing conditions may occur)

  2. Secondary High Blood Pressure: Usually resulting in more acute rises stemming from reasons such as kidneys not being fully functional correctly at times creating obscure hormonal imbalances/obstructions related problems among others.

Causes of HBP

You might wonder what causes hypertension amongst us? There’s not just one answer!

  • Genetics
  • Unhealthy habits (Smoking/eating fatty foods)
  • Stressful situations arising frequently can create long term effects evoking bodily changes including tension.
  • Ageing with its near decadal wear & tear effect whilst anatomical deterioration occurs; diminishing functionality that worsens across age groups especially post 60 years old..

Inherited lifestyles causing lackadaisical activity levels along unreliable dietary choices only deteriorate matters further adding too much weight coupled with increased fluid volume resulting hypertension.

Complications of HBP

Hypertension, if uncontrolled for extended periods, can lead to several complications that may severely impact one’s quality of life. Let’s have a closer look:

  1. Cardiovascular disease
  2. Heart Attack
  3. Stroke
  4. Kidney Failure
  5. Aneurysms – weakening arteries creating bulging areas often leading bursts or tears in your blood vessels.
  6. Cognitive Impairment

The above complications carry grave consequences associated with excessive HBP and aggravate youth mortality compared to adults.

Some more possible (and subtle) difficulties caused by the condition include:

  • Vision Issues: It is not uncommon among Hypertensive patients towards inclination concerning reduced/blurry visions attempts from restrictions involving optic nerves additionally trigger headaches culminating adverse effects on crucial organs linked within our nervous system especially our brains + connecting networks throughout the entire nervous set up.

Managing Your Blood Pressure

Now, let’s try and solve some confusion surrounding how you can attenuate high pressure without compromising daily needs!

Lifestyle Changes

Healthy habits are vital to managing blood pressure over time; prudent choices should be maintained without slip-ups/taking short/long cuts involved following protocols mentioned below thoroughly;

Exercise: Routine exercising safeguards plays an integral role when managing high BP incidences along with advances strengthening reducing severity levels significantly as well providing happier lifestyle outcomes! Practicing methods such as yoga also support sustainable good health too we highly recommend implementing such methods in day-to-day routines.

Dietary Improvements: Maintaining healthy diets consisting fruits + veggies due rich antioxidants content generally improving bodily functionality supporting stronger systems overall avoiding components external additives unhealthy influences consuming whole-food types focusing eliminating processed food items which commonly worsen pre-existing conditions making matters worse than before sans exceptions must be made changes at this level will effect tremendous positive physiological changes quickly ..

Avoiding excessive amounts of alcohol/tobacco [emphasized in most health magazines nowadays] as well cutting down on sugar/salty intakes will also help to improve wellbeing!


There’s no denying that medications can be overwhelming, but they can undoubtedly result in a substantial positive impact on one’s overall health when needed.

Typical classes of HBP combating drugs involve:

  • Diuretics
  • Beta-blockers
  • ACE inhibitors

They essentially work via: Implementing suitable components within the body controlling hypertension levels; reducing contraction frequency inside blood vessels along with impacting heart rhythm enhancement originating improved blood flow balancing throughout your cardiovascular regions ensuring correct functionality overtime intended towards wellness plus maintenance.

Regular checkups concerning medication doses given against specified tablets consumed at required times for period outlined sufferers could ensure better effectiveness while avoiding contraindications/complications involving varied drug interactions involved usage amounts specifically advised members creating optimistic results!

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, High Blood Pressure or Hypertension is not something that should be taken lightly. Numerous individuals around us silently suffer from this condition every day unaware and vulnerable.

A few key notes for readers/carriers to implement daily without failure include reading informative material educating further about best practices remedying how hypertension detrimentally impacts our bodies over time (especially life-threatening casualties).

While managing lifestyle commitments encompassing regular exercises holding healthy dietary changes along effective pharmaceuticals prescribed at acceptable intervals benefit individuals experiencing high BP symptoms retaining healthier outcomes hopefully nourishing fulfilling lifestyles are fostered helping optimize various physiological processes accomplishing good living standards eventually meeting all expectations by promoting sustainable efforts directed towards prevention aimed toward enduring prosperity across lifetimes.

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