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What factors contribute to high cholesterol?

  • Cholesterol is a soft, fat-like substance found in the body’s cells and helps form certain hormones and other necessary substances. Too much of cholestreol causes health problmes. Hypercholesterolemia could be caused due to various reasons.
  • Controllable factors which increases risk include:
  • Diet – consumption of foods high in saturated fats
  • Lack of exercise and physical activity
  • Stress and hormones- the physiologic hormone called cortisol, for example, increases LDL cholesterol level
  • Obesity or overweight
  • Smoking
  • Factors that can not be controlled to lower the risk of developing high cholesterol include:
  • Genetics- Genetic contributions are usually due to the additive effects of multiple genes, though occasionally may be due to a single gene defect such as in the case of familial hypercholesterolemia.
  • Side effect of certain medications
  • Other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure

PreventionPrevention

  • Eat a well balanced diet
  • Limit your salt intake
  • Maintain a regular exercise regimen
  • Remain physically active
  • Maintain a recommended height-to-weight ratio
  • Quit smoking and alcohol
  • Exercise regularly

ComplicationsComplications

Iif uncontrolled, it may lead to increased risk of:

  • Atherosclerosis or deposition of cholesterol in the walls of arteries
  • Reduced blood flow to the heart and brain due to atherosclerosis
  • Heart diseases including heart attack
  • Stroke

What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?How to take self care?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askWhat you shouldn’t eat with high cholesterol?What you shouldn’t eat with high cholesterol?To help improve your cholesterol numbers, you should not eat full-fat cheese or yogurt, or drink whole milk. Other high-fat dairy foods you should avoid include ice cream, cream cheese, heavy cream, half and half, sour cream and butter.

    Symptoms

    Hypercholesterolemia does not cause any symptoms but may eventually lead to heart attack, peripheral artery disease, or stroke due to atherosclerosis.

    Familial hypercholesterolemia is associated with:

    • Xanthelasma palpebrarum (yellowish patches underneath the skin around the eyelids)
    • Arcus senilis (white or gray discoloration of the peripheral cornea)
    • Xanthomata (deposition of yellowish cholesterol-rich material) of the tendons – Type III hyperlipidemia may be associated with xanthomata of the palms, knees and elbows.

    CausesCauses

    • Cholesterol is a soft, fat-like substance found in the body’s cells and helps form certain hormones and other necessary substances. Too much of cholestreol causes health problmes. Hypercholesterolemia could be caused due to various reasons.
    • Controllable factors which increases risk include:
    • Diet – consumption of foods high in saturated fats
    • Lack of exercise and physical activity
    • Stress and hormones- the physiologic hormone called cortisol, for example, increases LDL cholesterol level
    • Obesity or overweight
    • Smoking
    • Factors that can not be controlled to lower the risk of developing high cholesterol include:
    • Genetics- Genetic contributions are usually due to the additive effects of multiple genes, though occasionally may be due to a single gene defect such as in the case of familial hypercholesterolemia.
    • Side effect of certain medications
    • Other medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure

    PreventionPrevention

    • Eat a well balanced diet
    • Limit your salt intake
    • Maintain a regular exercise regimen
    • Remain physically active
    • Maintain a recommended height-to-weight ratio
    • Quit smoking and alcohol
    • Exercise regularly

    ComplicationsComplications

    Iif uncontrolled, it may lead to increased risk of:

    • Atherosclerosis or deposition of cholesterol in the walls of arteries
    • Reduced blood flow to the heart and brain due to atherosclerosis
    • Heart diseases including heart attack
    • Stroke

    What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?How to take self care?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What you shouldn’t eat with high cholesterol? To help improve your cholesterol numbers, you should not eat full-fat cheese or yogurt, or drink whole milk. Other high-fat dairy foods you should avoid include ice cream, cream cheese, heavy cream, half and half, sour cream and butter.

    What are the health risks of high cholesterol? The main risk associated with high cholesterol is coronary heart disease (CHD). Your blood cholesterol level has a lot to do with your chances of getting heart disease. If your cholesterol is too high, it builds up on the walls of your arteries.

    What are your high cholesterol risk factors?

    Controllable Risk Factors for High Cholesterol Include:

    • Diet: The trans fats, saturated fat, sugar, and (to a lesser extent) cholesterol in the food you eat raise total and LDL…
    • Weight: Being overweight can make your LDL cholesterol level go up and your HDL level go down.
    • Physical activity/exercise: Increased physical activity helps to lower LDL cholesterol and raise…

    How do you cure high cholesterol? Eat plenty of water because it stimulates the excretory activity of kidneys. It is no doubt a good home remedy to lower cholesterol. High fiber diet is recommended for the people with high cholesterol level. Onion juice is a very effective home remedy for the cholesterol.

    Medication

    Medication

    Statins: To block a substance in the liver that is required to produce cholesterol.

    .

    Nicotinic acid: Used to reduce LDL levels.

    Bile acid sequestrants: Drugs to bind to bile acids and reduce LDL levels.

    .

    Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: Drugs to reduce the amount of LDL absorbed in the small intestine.

    Fibric acid derivatives: Drugs to reduce triglyceride and LDL production from the liver.

    .

    Injectable medications: Recommended for people who have a genetic condition that increases LDL levels.

    .

    Self-careSelf-care

    • Eat a low fat diet.
    • Exercise regularly.
    • Lose excess weight.

    NutritionNutrition

    Foods to eat:

    • Foods rich in unsaturated fats: e.g. olive and canola oil, avocados, almonds, pecans, walnuts
    • Low carbohydrate and fiber rich foods: e.g. whole grains, whole wheat bread and pasta, oatmeal, oat bran, brown rice, barley, legumes
    • Low carbohydrate and fibre rich foods: e.g. whole grains, whole wheat bread and pasta, oatmeal, oat bran, brown rice, barley, legumes
    • Fatty fish: e.g. salmon, herring
    • Phytosterols and stanols: e.g. nuts, seeds, vegetable oils, fortified food products such as orange juice, yogurt, salad dressing

    Foods to avoid:

    • High cholesterol foods: e.g. egg yolks, whole milk products, and organ meats
    • Canola oil and Other processed vegetable oils
    • Potato chips and Other packaged Foods
    • Bacon and Other processed meats

    Specialist to consult Specializes in the acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health.What are the causes?What are some prevention tips?How is this diagnosed?What are the complications?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What are the Worst Foods to eat if you have high cholesterol? Some of the worst foods for high cholesterol include cheeseburger and French fries. A typical or average size cheeseburger has cholesterol of over 150, which is 50% of the maximum daily cholesterol limit.

    What is a good snack when you have high cholesterol? The Best Snacks if You Have High Cholesterol Popcorn Provides Fiber and Whole Grains. Nuts Have Healthy Fats. Veggies With Hummus Are Vitamin-Rich. Homemade Potato Chips Add Fiber and Potassium. Fiber-Rich Oatmeal Soaks up Cholesterol. Fruits are Pectin- and Potassium-Filled Snacks. Bean-Filled Veggie Soup Is Rich in Fiber. Wheat Bread Is Your Best Bet for Cholesterol Control and High Fiber.

    What foods to avoid with high cholesterol levels? High cholesterol – foods to avoid: refined foods, like pasta or white rice, foods made with white flour (bread, snacks, biscuits, crackers, bread sticks, cakes).

    What should you avoid if you have high cholesterol? The first foods to avoid with high cholesterol are those that are high in saturated fats. That includes both plant and animal sources, although cholesterol is generally caused by animal products. This means avoiding lard, oil, butter, ghee, fat and fatty meats, palm oil and coconut oils.