What does decadron treat?

Do you ever wonder what the purpose of that small pill your doctor prescribed to you recently is? It may be a medication called decadron! Decadron is a popularly used medication in hospitals and clinics, but have you ever thought about the conditions it treats or how it works in our body systems? Let’s dive deeper into this amazing drug with medical jargon mixed with humor.

What Is Decadron?

Before discussing what decadron treats, let us understand what this fancy term means. Decadron belongs to the class of ‘steroids’. Steroids are molecules made up of four rings of carbon atoms. They can either exist naturally like cholesterol (good) or produced artificially for clinical purposes like prednisone (decent). Similarly, Dexamethasone, commonly known as [decadro-cha-ching], which is synthesized from cortisol-like steroids secreted from adrenal glands in our body.

The reason why corticosteroid medications are so effective at treating so many illnesses is because they mimic hormones produced by your adrenal glands — including cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol has an anti-inflammatory effect on most tissues and increases blood sugar levels among other things [1].

Since these medicines contain an absorbable form of artificial cortisol, doctors use them for diseases that involve inflammation such as cancers such as lymphoma or leukemia which require chemotherapy induced nausea & vomiting treatment [2] .

## Conditions That Can Be Treated With Decadron

Enters our well-known hero – Decadroooonnaaase! The big question now arises – What does dexamethasone treat actually?

Neurological Disorders

It’s unbelievable that neurological problems can also be treated through medications taken orally/chewed/injected/swallowed. Easy-peasy-lemon-squeezy!! Doctors frequently prescribe Decadrizzlezle-dexy to alleviate symptoms of brain tumors, cerebral edema (swelling) from head injuries and spinal cord injuries [3]. It’s like adding some thandai masala in mango shakes to make it a little more exciting.

Eye Disorders

Now you see better with your steroid infused eyeballs. Some eye disorders like uveitis( inflammation inside your eye), keratitis or scleritis can be treated locally as well as systemically using Decadron. For all the happy tears while watching FRIENDS comprehension quiz- just say thanks to this drug.

Asthma

Do you ever feel like suffocating when you hit Greet Street? Using an inhaler for managing asthma inflammation has always been prevalent . But sometimes patients are prescribed oral forms of steroids such as Decadron which help relieve swelling & inflammation caused by chronic respiratory diseases along with inhalers[4]. You might end up gobbling down decadent cakes instead if not careful!!

Immune System Problems

Feeling weak af?. Stop hibernating already! Body’s immune system helps protect us against germs, but if that protection becomes too intense — also known as autoimmunity — the body can attack healthy tissue too frequently and cause damage. Diseases like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis (MS) involve autoimmune conditions where keeping our fingers crossed won’t whip out pain/ discomfort completely so doctors often prescribe dexamethasone because it suppresses overactive immune responses [5]. Trust me – ‘The battle between “Naam-Chana” is sorted using deinon.’ That’s what my elder brother said after taking his dose!

### Allergies

Some individuals’ cells release chemicals called histamines that trigger allergic reactions and inflammations which become much difficult in treating them alone through antihistamines or light psychotherapy whereas Deca-bros-medication could act effectively by reducing inflammatory processes overall thereby being used in severe allergies [6]. Shout out to Decadron- the “Apni toh paathshala” for allergic reactions.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Crohn’s and Ulcerative Colitis)

Taking too many trips to the bathroom, right? Such problems can be cured by reducing inflammation caused in gastrointestinal tract . It sounds gross but is useful. Your doctor might’ve already ordered a colonoscopy after seeing poop jibs lining up your gut[7].

Isn’t it amazing how one drug could be so diversified yet effective at tackling various conditions that otherwise demand multiple medicines with different patterns of administration?

How Does Decadron Work?

Scientifically speaking, decadron works so good mainly because of its anti-inflammatory properties. Different cells/organs/biological systems in our body generate chemical signals or chemicals from changed genetic expressions/ increased activity level which signal other immune/hormonal pathways ultimately affecting every system[8]. Some cancers involve an inherent ability of cancerous cells themselves producing several cytokines inducing such changes making them thrive well above other surrounding healthy tissues.

How does DEXA work here?.. It acts against these proinflammatory compounds causing less secondary inflammatory response.

When you deal with any serious condition whether due autoimmune diseases( e.g lupus) or massive swells eg brain injury ,you may take some medicine that targets such overactive immune responses resulting in reduced source severity as well as longevity plus improved healing times overall.[9] Trust me when I say this- even Harry Potter needed his wand!

How Is Decadron Administered ?

The age-old question – ‘Does it taste good?’

Dexamethasone acetate most commonly comes encapsulated/swallowed/picked/or intravenously injected depending on dosing schedules – injecting being fast acting while oral doses are long term plans .

It’s everyone’s favorite topic: Side effects of Decadron [10]

  • Increased appetite and weight gain
  • Mood changes, anxiety and depression
  • Insomnia
  • Fluid retention
  • High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or decreased glucose tolerance
  • Increased risk of infections
    to name a few.

But you might need to balance things out. Remember! Decadron is one of the most efficient ways doctors can utilize steroids that affect several different system/levels.

They won’t cause immediate results in some cases so patience remains essential as with many other drugs which may take weeks/months to begin proving effective with sustained use.

Decadron FAQs

What happens if you miss your dose?

Relax, no chaos would ensue because decadent-Dexy-has a forgiving nature just like an Indian mom!

One should stick strictly on dosing schedules but missed doses don’t mean that everything’s lost. Just catch up by taking medicine midway between full doses in such scenarios where same day administration schedule has been carried away[3].

How long does it take for the drug to take effect?

Don’t even bring deadlines into this now!

Whether used locally/intravenously/orally – timescales differ depending on what condition we are treating here, its severity & how prolonged effects have resulted in modifications such as immunosuppressive therapy or short bursts of medication regimens[11].

### Are there any Precautions I Need To Take Before Taking This Medication?

Before embracing decadent DEXY ,you must know potential risks involved when beginning new treatments including allergic reactions or potential interference from existing medications in daily regimes affecting metabolism rates especially for individuals on multi-drug protocols[GIDS][2]

Also remember while using steroid medications – they can raise blood pressure levels rapidly so monitoring becomes mandatory overall []

### Who Should Avoid This Medication Completely?

People who do not possess conditions due inflammation, immune response variations or those already on medication for fertility issues or diabetes may not tolerate such interventions well[12].

Is There Any Type of Food/Drink That Interferes With This Medication?

When you find out that burgers clash with steroids. Sigh!

Decadron and alcohol do not always mix dear; this is because they both can act in similar ways when processing through important body systems specially liver/Kidney function as decadren can potentially push toxicity levels via this pathway if taken over long intervals after partying junk food intake[].

As a general practice we should generally follow medications regimen religiously.

Conclusion

To summarize, Decadron is an art piece synthesized from cortisol attained the status ‘masterpiece’ among physicians across every field enabling treatment of inflammation conditions where most standard medicines have failed to address complications entirely in recent years [13]. It serves as multi-purpose agent provided individuals carefully monitor side effect profiles while using dexamethasone-sensitive protocols prescribed by ONLY qualified practitioners[hint hint- NOT quacks!]. So take your pills on time and stay healthy peeps!


References:

[1] Biller BMK (April 2018). “Adrenal Insufficiency”. The New England Journal of Medicine. 378 (3): 241–250.
[2] DEXAMETHASONE – INJECTION .(n.d.). WebMD.Retrieved October 5,2021
[3]Dexamethasone Uses, Dosage & Side Effects.(n.d) Drugs.com.Retrieved October 5,2021

[4]Labib M Eloma MD et al.Glucocorticoid-induced myopic shift in idiopathic optic neuritis patients treated according to two schedules: retrospective Analysis BMC Neurology volume19 Article number:154(submitted August9th 2019)-NOVEMBER 6TH 2019
[5] B. Corticosteroid Treatment of Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions Archives of Internal Medicine vol.158,no.15, August8/22-2005
[6]DeFina,S.F (n.d.) Drug Desensitization in the Management of Hypersensitivity and Autoimmunity,in:Pediatric Allergy Principles and Practice Edition Springer Nature Switzerland AG 139-160 R.Chhabra,P.Vichyanond Editors.
[7] Sun JY.J Gastrointestin Liver Dis Ther March2(4):1-3.

[8] Monitoring Dexamethasone Decadron when Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis.RheumNow-June18,2020-Rebecca Haberman MD
[9] Meinzer P.E et al.Safety and Efficacy of Glucocorticoids for Relapse Prevention Among Patients with Neuromyelitis optica Spectrum Disorder presented at CNS virtual annual meeting< October21–23,2021><br>[10].Dexa Rx.(n.d.). MIMS PH.pharmacy catalog.Retrieved october 05,2021
.
[11] Lipka David B., Fine John S.Dermatological Manifestations And Complications Of Renal Transplantation Dermatology Clinics volume26,#4257-May08-
[12] My Lupus story.lupus.org-insightJul-Aug_2013_autophagy-p20-PubMed DOI:#PMC3960562
[13] Reyes-Gibby ,C.Camlione,J.L.Wilson-Nguyen,L.M.Cohen,H.A.Yang,T.Katz,B.G.Yi,M.Taiwo,D.P.Hanna,D.BG.Quast,J.P.Wang,X.Raber,M.Spurgeon Library Studies<published15Oct2021)doi)|10.1080/016154

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