What diagnosis are on the autism spectrum?

Autism. The mysterious disorder once shrouded in confusion and misinformation; now, it is something many people are familiar with, although we still have much to learn. It seems as though autism is everywhere these days – from books to films to television series. While awareness surrounding autism has grown tremendously over the years, there are still a lot of misconceptions out there about what exactly autism spectrum disorder (ASD) entails.

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Before we get into the different diagnoses that make up ASD (Autism Spect rm Dis rder) , let’s first take a step back and understand what it actually means.

ASD refers to a wide range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication.

It’s called spectrum disorder for a reason- since every person diagnosed fits at different points on this broad continuum. Some may have mild symptoms whereas others experience life-altering complexities associated with their condition resulting in needing lifelong support.

Let’s Talk About Diagnosis

The diagnostic criteria for ASD under DSM–5 requires persistent difficulties in social communication/interaction across multiple contexts combined with restricted/repetitive patterns of behavior or interests that result in impairment or distress manifesting early during childhood development .

Ok great so…what does that really mean? Below you’ll find explanations regarding some specific diagnoses categorized within ASD diagnosis:

Autistic Disorder (classic autism)

This was one of five types listed originally by DSM IV but was merged into general classification known as ‘autism’ after revision were made.

People affected show significant differences in language development than their peers along impaired conversational ability.A typical sign can be difficulty communicating exactly what they want/need leading themselves agitated when not understood..

Asperger Syndrome

The biggest difference between classic Autism and Aspergers syndrome lies mainly around the individual’s conversational style. Whereas children diagnosed with classic Autism would be defined as having a language delay, individuals who show only symptoms similar to Aspergers,have good speaking and reading skills but struggle in understanding social cues – or facial expressions for instance.

PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, also known as atypical autism)

This diagnosis band encompasses those that exhibit significant signs of developmental delays concerning communication and social understanding however present insufficient qualifying criteria for fully fledged diagnoses such as that seen in Autistic Disorder or Asperger’s Syndrome.

Rett Syndrome

A rare genetic disorder affecting mostly girls where there is a mutation present on an x-chromosome leading towards development decline physically & mentally becoming more apparent over time – accompanied by cognitive impairment .

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder

Approximately around age two-to-four years-old normal appearance the child starts experiencing initial stages usual devlopemnt giving way to drastic regression thereafter until minimal functional ability remaining with impaired communication capacity.


So there you have it folks! We hope these explanations helped shed some light on the different types of diagnoses classified under ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorders). Keep in mind ,while certain symptoms can lumped together others can take shape based upon whether they are part of one of widely recognized ‘types’ mentioned here or not.a therapist/doctor adept with diagnosing will analyze multitude behavioral patterns even before using specific category systemalizerd under current DSM-V guidelines though knowing what definitions might suit each pattern helps both people affected directly along their supports interactively understand relevant issues unique to them.

Stay tuned for our next installment,hasta!

Note:Please refer your concerns regarding medical advice etc.,to qualified professionals (!care what you read from online content…)

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