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What causes pilonidal cyst?

  • The exact cause for pilonidal sinus is not known but the following factors are said to increase risk of the condition:
  • Hormonal changes during aging
  • Hair growth that penetrates into the skin
  • Friction from clothes
  • Being seated for a long time, as in case of cab drivers
  • Gender: Men are more at risk of developing the sinus
  • Reduced physical activity or obesity at young age

PreventionPrevention

  • Avoid being seated for a long time
  • Clean the cleft above the buttocks everyday
  • Maintain a healthy height-to-weight ratio

ComplicationsComplications

  • Wound infection
  • Recurrence of PNS even after treatment, particularly surgery
  • Increased risk of skin cancer known as squamous cell carcinoma

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askWhat is a pilot cyst?What is a pilot cyst?A pilot cyst is a structure that develops along the tailbone at or near the cleft of the buttocks and rarely elsewhere on the body. Signs and symptoms include pain over the lower spine, skin redness, warmth and swelling with drainage of pus; a few patients may develop fevers.

    Symptoms

    Pilonidal sinus occurs in the cleft at the top of the buttocks. The early stages of the disease may present as a small, dimple-like depression on the surface of the skin but later depression becomes a cyst or an abscess following an infection.

    Commonly observed symptoms include:

    • Pain felt when sitting or standing
    • Tailbone Pain
    • Reddened, sore skin around the affected area
    • Pus or blood oozing from the abscess, accompanied with foul smell
    • Hair projecting out from the affected part
    • Presence of more than one hole in the skin

    CausesCauses

    • The exact cause for pilonidal sinus is not known but the following factors are said to increase risk of the condition:
    • Hormonal changes during aging
    • Hair growth that penetrates into the skin
    • Friction from clothes
    • Being seated for a long time, as in case of cab drivers
    • Gender: Men are more at risk of developing the sinus
    • Reduced physical activity or obesity at young age

    PreventionPrevention

    • Avoid being seated for a long time
    • Clean the cleft above the buttocks everyday
    • Maintain a healthy height-to-weight ratio

    ComplicationsComplications

    • Wound infection
    • Recurrence of PNS even after treatment, particularly surgery
    • Increased risk of skin cancer known as squamous cell carcinoma

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What is a pilot cyst? A pilot cyst is a structure that develops along the tailbone at or near the cleft of the buttocks and rarely elsewhere on the body. Signs and symptoms include pain over the lower spine, skin redness, warmth and swelling with drainage of pus; a few patients may develop fevers.

    What is a cyst on the lower back? A synovial cyst is a relatively uncommon cause of spinal stenosis in the lumbar spine (lower back). It is a benign condition, and the symptoms and level of pain or discomfort may remain stable for many years. A synovial cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops as a result of degeneration in the spine.

    What is a pilonidal abscess? A pilonidal abscess, commonly referred to as a pilonidal cyst, is an abscess that develops near or in the cleft of the buttocks. The word pilonidal means nest of hair in Latin and refers to the fact that most pilonidal abscesses contain debris of skin and hair. Men are more likely to suffer from a pilonidal abscess…

    What is a pilonidal cystectomy? Pilonidal cystectomy is the surgical removal of a pilonidal cyst or tracts extending from a sinus.

    How do you get a pilonidal cyst?

    How do you get a pilonidal cyst? You can get a pilonidal cyst when a hair gets lodged inside your skin. Friction on the ingrown hair from sitting or rubbing can irritate your skin and cause the cyst to form. Sometimes, these cysts become infected and a pocket of pus called an abscess forms.

    What causes a pilonidal cyst? A pilonidal cyst is an abscess that forms on the skin above the coccyx. Its exact causes are uncertain, but doctors and medical researchers believe that most pilonidal cysts arise when hair follicles become lodged in the sensitive area of skin due to friction or constant pressure.

    Is pilonidal cyst hard? While most pilonidal cysts don’t have any symptoms, once they become infected they are hard to ignore. Most people get the first hint that something is wrong “back there” due to discomfort while they are sitting. This discomfort, over a few days, may become intense pain that makes them weary of sitting down.

    What are the types of pilonidal cyst surgery? Pilonidal cyst surgery will usually take place in a hospital, rather than a doctor’s office. In most cases, it will be out-patient surgery. There are two types of surgery: open wound surgery and closed wound surgery.