What causes overactive bladder in women?

Do you find yourself running to the bathroom more often than usual? Are you always on edge, worried about making it through a meeting without needing to pee? You might just have an overactive bladder. But don’t worry, you’re not alone.


Around one-third of women will experience an overactive bladder at some point in their lives. It’s a condition where your bladder muscles contract involuntarily and make you feel like you need to go even when there’s not much urine in your bladder. We’re going to take a look at what causes this annoying problem and how we can fix it.

The Anatomy of Urination

First off, let’s review how urination works normally in the human body.

When your kidneys filter out waste from your bloodstream, that liquid ends up collecting in your bladder until it gets full enough that nerves tell the brain “Hey, time for a bathroom break.” When you relieve yourself by emptying out that excess fluid – known as urine – relaxed sphincter muscles (part of muscular floor supporting pelvic organs) allow urine exit while contractile muscles providing force are restrained thereby storing urinary continence.If only everything could be so simple and straightforward!

At least for most people things are..but sometimes they aren’t!


So what do I actually mean by “overactive” anyway? Well here’s what happens: Your brain registers pressure on stretched or tense walls of urinary tract which results into stimulating relaxation/suppression signals missing entirely/no longer functioning properly resulting involuntary muscle contractions or spasms leading to urge feeling urgency followed almost instantly by uncontrolled leakage with larger contraction . This can happen even if there isn’t all that much urine inside the bladder—in fact many times it wont result immediate discharge because nervous system is still able restrain impulses.Starts getting bad doesn’t it?!

Symptoms include:

  • Running to the bathroom more often than usual.
  • Feeling like you have to go urgently, almost all of the time.
  • Leaking urine involuntarily in some cases.

If these sound familiar, it might be time to take a closer look at what’s causing your overactive bladder.

Increasing Age & Declining Estrogen

Unfortunately for women, one potential factor can’t really be helped: as folks age – especially ladies who’ve made peace with middle age by this point (oh wait that’s not specific enough)2`, that is 50 and above years old females get most impacted.Thanks aging! At least we found someone or something else other than ourselves to blame this on.

As estrogen production drops during menopause (resulting into shrinking vagina and urinary nusance), tissues become thinner — including those located around the urethra — so they may weaken or sag which further aggravate condition.Pelvic floor muscles are also important structures supporting pressure tolerance within urogenital region. In such cases there would likely be a significant reduction in pelvic floor integrity leading towards chronic piss problem!

Urinary Tract Infections

One of the primary irritants that can cause an overactive bladder is actually infection resulting from sexual intimacy(i.e sex in layman terms),when bacteria travel up through urethra,damage lining surfaces and even reach out inner cavity blaadder wall.Post-coitus UTI symptoms usually follow path with frequency /urgency/ painful\/burning sensation associated urge related pain following discharge . To avoid getting infected again after successfully treating yourself always talk use preventative measures i.e drinking cranberry juice routinely as proactively ward off any type progression before physical symptom onset becomes apparent.Give it a try ,who knows may work wonders!

Neurological Disorders

Usually signals sent between healthy brain nervous system communicate natural sense urgency signaling sphincter muscle closure efficiently carrying out voluntary voiding continues to work well. That isn’t always the case though—in individuals with Parkinson’s disease or Multiple Sclerosis for instance, damage within the effector pathways can sometimes cause faulty signalling.Hence persons who have spinal cord injury Motor Neurons+Functionality reduced due to neuropathy (damaged neurons) are more likely fare worse.


Sometimes obstruction inside urethra which restricts flow of urine release may lead towards worsening OAB symptoms than what’s expected in typical course .Structures giving rise towards complications range from bladder stones enlarged prostate in men.Any severe outgrowth which causes increase in resistance ,blocking ducts responsible for effective flow /outflow would definitely result undue urinary tract pressure.Remember! Urine has prior entered bladder but cannot be emptied leading to urgency sensation developed courtesy obstructive urogency.

So there you have it—the main culprits behind overactive bladders. If you’ve been dealing with some of these symptoms and haven’t yet found reliable relief, consider speaking with your doctor about potential treatments that could help ease your discomfort…or perhaps going an easier way – adult diaper is always a nice choice if nothing seems short-term remedy during important meeting when every second lose its validity after running out somewhere fast!

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Source: img.etimg.com

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