What causes disruptive mood dysregulation disorder?

When it comes to understanding what causes the disorder that’s been labelled with the mouthful of a name – Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) – there are a few things you need to know.

For starters, this is not your average mood disorder. Oh no, DMDD likes to keep things spicy by mixing in some disobedient behaviors and temper tantrums at every turn. But fret not! We’re here to break down all the particulars and give you an inside look into this disarrayed ailment.

What exactly is DMDD?

Before we delve into its primary causes, let’s brush up on our basics first. In essence, DMDD is characterized by intense and persistent irritability or anger combined with recurrent behavioral outbursts visible for over twelve months.

Yup, you read that right; TWELVE MONTHS! Think about it— most people can barely handle ten minutes of being around a screaming child without losing their marbles. Imagine having to deal with behavior like that for years on end!

Nowadays, DMDD generally gets diagnosed during early childhood —right before entering school-age children—but then why do we see bursts of such defiant behaviors? Let’s explore further.

Could Genetics be Responsible?

Some evidence supports genetic risk factors contributing significantly toward developing disruptive behavior disorders inclusive of DMDD , specifically conduct disorder4. Additionally, family history-positive patients often exhibit more complicated symptoms as compared to those belonging from families absent any positive history5.

So if your Great Aunt Sophie was known for smashing plates whenever she got angry – there just might be something in those genes.After all “it runs in the family” sounds less hypothetical these days .

Brain Chemistry: Is It Fixable

Just as we learned earlier regarding genetics’ relationship with developing DMDD, the brain’s chemical-imbalance could also have a significant impact on this chronic ailment.

DMDD typically occurs in tandem with specific neuropsychiatric disorders such as ADHD and similar types most often diagnosed at young ages. Aberration within norepinephrine pathways has been linked to hypomanic symptoms and significantly contributes towards secondary diagnoses of DMDD7. However, many studies suggest that children weaned off these medications may experience decreasing instances of extreme behavior outbursts8.

To cut to the chase: kids being kids are okay, tantrums from younger individuals mostly go unpunished as normal growing pain – if they continue or become problematic it might be time for medication readjustments

Life Events & Triggers Galore:

While genetics and brain chemistry may play a role in the initial onset of DMDD, external factors can act as triggers/maintainers9. Trauma , both physical and emotional afflictions observed during times of massive cognitive developmental upheaval have increased chances contributing toward inducing Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder10.

But let’s not limit ourselves only to trauma – there are several circumstances worth mentioning here! For example, Divorce is common in modern-day living but trying to co-parent under any circumstance without witnessing some harsh realities requires immense self-restraint —which adults haven’t mastered 100 percent yet—imagine if you were still learning how to react about them .It requires plenty more behavioral monitoring than usual.

Furthermore, current research suggests that parental-child conflicts originating from numerous causes like neglectful adoption/ foster familial structures when poorly supported with Child Protective Services/Clinical Psychologists trainings add complexity toward maintaining lasting recovery11!

But Wait There’s Good News Too!!

No question having DMDD is stressful—not just for people who struggle but also those around them——however healing/management is possible. Friends and family can be a portion of the solution, it might have taken some time coming but therapies developed in joint rapport building activities has exhibited positive outcomes (12).

Also, cognitive-behavioral therapy- thirteen-week-long sessions set based upon developing healthy mental models to replace age-inappropriate beliefs for resultant behavior garnered patients reaching significant clinical milestones13. The progression toward meaningful success steps cannot overlook any effective mode of therapy.


If you or anyone close is grappling with disruptive mood dysregulation disorder understand that management involves self-discipline and support structure from loved ones as much as medication if required – there are trained counselors available to help so don’t hesitate to seek them out.

That’s it folks! We hope we gave you an amusing yet educational read while deciphering the mystery behind DMDD. Life may have handed us our fair share of curveballs over these past few years; learning more about this quirky condition should ease your mind just a bit—that, too itself obviously requiring sensible handling!! Until next time remember—diagnosing doesn’t mean surrendering!



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