What causes blood pressure to rise and drop?

Welcome, dear readers, to a (hopefully) hilarious yet informative article on the intricacies of blood pressure. You may be wondering why your BP (not Body Positive, unfortunately) tends to fluctuate throughout the day. Fear not, for we have got all the answers.

The Basics: An Overview

Before diving deeper into specific causes and effects of high and low blood pressure, let’s first understand what it actually is.

  • Blood pressure refers to the force exerted by blood against the walls of arteries as it circulates through our body.
  • This force is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), using a sphygmomanometer or simply put – that arm-squeezing thingy at your doctor’s office.
  • A normal reading usually falls between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg. Anything lower than this range is considered low blood pressure or hypotension while anything higher is hypertension or high blood pressure.

Now that we’re up-to-speed on basic terminology, let’s delve(deep-sea dive!) into reasons why our BP can either rise (up-up-up!)or drop(down-down-down!) without warning.

Factors That Cause High Blood Pressure

What Makes It So High?

  1. Genetics : Thanks mom-and-dad!
  2. Obesity: Taking “big boned” to whole new levels
  3. Poor diet: If only chocolate cake were healthy… sigh
  4. Smoking: Not just bad for lungs but also heart
    5.Stress(ful life): Bills,politics,and annoying neighbors galore!
    6.Aging(gracefully?): As if wrinkles weren’t enough
    7.Physical Inactivity:Sitting all day will eventually take its toll

More on Stressful Life

Mental stress invokes various reactions within us, including:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Constriction of blood vessels
  • Narrowing of arteries, leading to reduced blood flow
    All these reactions combined can lead to a temporary rise in BP. That’s why stressballs were invented!

The Effect of Hypotension

Just as high BP has its causes and effects, so does low BP. Hypotension or abnormally low blood pressure usually falls below 90/60 mmHg.

Should We Really Worry About Low Blood Pressure?

Not necessarily! For some people, this level is normal and doesn’t cause any symptoms whatsoever. However,in general the following factors can be expected to contribute to falling BP:
-Waiting too long between meals :Lunch rush? More like BP crush!
-Decreased fluid intake:Sorry coffee-addicts,but caffeine ain’t helping you here
-Some medications (beta blockers):Because who needs adrenaline anyways,right?
-Severe allergic reactions(Oh no!)

We’ve covered the brief overview of what leads our precious bodily fluids from flowing at just-right levels but let’s quickly delve into how exactly do we treat High & Low Blood Pressure

Treatment Options for High and Low Blood Pressure

Great news folks – both hypertension and hypotension are highly manageable with proper intervention(which apparently isn’t taking weekly bubble baths).

But how do doctors treat it?(Unpopular opinion upcoming!!)

Lowering High Blood Pressure

The treatment plan generally involves prescribing medications (gags on pill), accompanied by recommended lifestyle changes(walks up another flight of stairs).These may include(vague much!) :

1.A healthier diet: Sorry,nacho-fans time is up.
2.Regular physical activity:Sigh.. not even nap-time counts now.
3.Weight loss programs(Again?)
4.Reduced sodium consumption(Bland food coming your way)
5.Smoking cessation plans(Last ciggie ever!)
6.Relaxation Techniques(Ohmmm!)

Increasing Low Blood Pressure

Treatment for people with hypotension include natural and prescribed methods. These may include:

1.Dietary changes: Drinking plenty of fluids
2.Exercise(Let’s get that oxygen-level flowing!)
3.Taking Medications: insert here the legalese no one reads on medicine packets.

And there you have it, folks! A rib-tickling yet informative article (we hope) on what really causes your BP to rise and drop. Remember – that sphygmomanometer isn’t as scary as it looks!

So go forth brave soul(and body), stay healthy and always be aware of those pesky blood pressure levels!

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