What can cause a seizure in a child?

Let’s face it, kids are weird. They do all sorts of strange things that make us question our own sanity as adults. One of the weirdest and scariest things a kid can do is have a seizure (shivers). Now you may be wondering what exactly causes seizures in children? Well, wonder no more my dear friend, because I’ve got the answers right here for ya!

Neurological Disorders

The brain is undoubtedly one of the most complex organs in the human body, so it should come as no surprise that any sort of disruption to normal brain function can cause seizures. Some neurological disorders that can trigger seizures include:

  • Epilepsy
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Tourette Syndrome

Yes, try saying those names five times fast! But on a more serious note (deathly serious look) these disorders affect many children all over the world.


Epilepsy is perhaps one of the most well-known disorders associated with seizures. When someone has epilepsy, their brain cells send out abnormal signals causing them to lose control over their muscles or experience unusual sensations.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism spectrum disorder refers to conditions marked by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors and communication difficulties. ASD isn’t necessarily known for causing seizures but studies show some individuals with this condition experience epileptic episodes.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD affects millions of children around the world and symptoms usually surface before age seven suggesting abnormalities within neural networks ironing out natural rhythmic activity predisposing patients with ADHD to develop certain types of episodic discharges thus provoking acute symptomatic seizures (impressive medical terminology eh?).

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a condition involving impaired muscle function, sometimes accompanied by seizures. Although there’s no cure for cerebral palsy, early treatment can improve outcomes and quality of life.

Tourette Syndrome

Tourettes (not the French city) is often recognized as a disorder where an individual repeats sounds or movements that they cannot control. Seizures are not one of the more common symptoms but do occur in some cases.


You could wrap your child up in bubble-wrap from head to toe but accidents happen (steady on)! These accidents including major injuries such as severe blows to the head causing the brain to temporarily “short circuit” provoking what we call reflex epilepsy – this type of seizure takes place within seconds after stimulation (trust me I’m a professional.)


Ohhh boy does my hand sanitizer come into play when looking at causes of infections leading to seizures! This category includes viral infections like influenza which affects roughly 20% of school-aged children each year. Other notable infections include meningitis and encephalitis, with fever being one potential trigger for seizures altogether meaning fewer marshmallows over campfires!

Metabolic Disorders

Ah – yes metabolic disorders… The wonderfully terrifying world 🙈 Common metabolic conditions linked with spike triggers include:

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Electrolyte disturbances
  • Renal failure (kidney problems)


Hypoglycemia is when blood sugar drops too low mainly experienced during crazy math pop quizzes eventually leading to seizure predisposition.

Electrolyte Disturbances

When electrolytes become imbalanced alongside fluctuations in fluid balance it can affect kidney metabolism initiating backlashes greater than [insert bad thing here].

Renal Failure

Not Kidney Friends has never been so important: renal failure can lead directly or indirectly towards amassing toxic metabolites due to kidney failure, thus triggering the likelihood of seizures (I really hope you’re taking notes).


In conclusion – anything and everything could be linked to seizure triggers in children so it’s important that parents remain vigilant and work with their doctors to determine what’s behind these episodes whether driven by genetic factors or external forces.

Now if only there was some sort of magical bubble-wrap available for purchase on Amazon, I’d consider myself a millionaire (sigh!).

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