What are the two broad categories of psychological treatment?

Ah, psych treatment. The savior and bane to many a person’s mental health journey. It can be overwhelming to navigate through all of the different approaches and methods, but fear not my friend! We’re here to break it down for you in simple, easily digestible terms.

Let’s Talk About Therapy

The first thing that comes to mind when we hear “psychological treatment” is usually therapy. But did you know there are two different types? Oh yeah, let’s get into it.

Psychotherapy (aka Talk Therapy)

This is the OG method – sitting on a couch spilling your guts out while someone takes notes and nods sympathetically. With psychotherapy, the focus is on examining thoughts, feelings, behaviors and connecting how they all relate to each other. A therapist will help you explore underlying patterns or nuances that may contribute to negative thinking or behavior cycles.

Types of Psychotherapy:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: challenge negative thought processes by identifying errors in thinking
  • Interpersonal Therapy: identify relationship issues causing distress
  • Psychodynamic: bring unconscious events/relationship dynamics into conscious awareness

Fun Fact: Sigmund Freud was an early proponent of psychodynamic therapy which he called free association where people would just say whatever came top-of-mind /

Biologically Oriented Treatments

Now let’s dive into something more radical – put away those damn crystals because were talking about biological treatments baby!

Biologically oriented treatments mean paper masks from your favorite doctor as they prescribe medication targeted towards treating neuropsychiatric symptoms such as anxiety or depression for instance using Antidepressants like SSRIs serotonin receptors agonist drugs).

Types of Biologic Treatment

There are various types/categories available when considering biologic type interventions including:

Mood Stabilizers
For conditions such as bipolar disorder with studies showing positive results unfortunately the treatment often requires frequent hospitalization.

Antipsychotics
A class of drugs used to effect significant changes in dopamine and serotonin discharge this anti psychotic medication is often helpful for treating symptoms of schizophrenia like hallucinations, delusions as well as other mental health condition featuring disorganized thinking.

The Pros and Cons

Now that you know the basics, let’s break down some pros and cons!

Psychotherapy Pros:

  • No side effects (helloooo zero chance of weight gain!)
  • Comprehensive approach to understanding behavior patterns
  • Develop long-lasting coping mechanisms

Biologically Oriented Treatments Pros:

  • Can offer immediate symptom relief
  • More options available vs. talk therapy

Update: Since more than 85% percent responding patients did not achieve satisfactory functioning due to lifestyle interventions or drug treatments a need was felt/acknowledged by many physicans for combining brain stimulation techniques with psychotherapeutic approaches eye roll

Psychotherapy Cons:

  • Not everyone finds it super effective (what am I paying $150/hour for?!)
  • May take weeks/months before progress is made
  • Doesn’t usually address biological imbalances

Biologically Oriented Treatment Cons:

  • Negative side effects may occur ranging from dry mouth, altered appetite – even seizures!
  • It becomes less effective if taken off medicine later due to fear or simply being fed up with taking pills then habituating over time resulting into persisting issues requiring life-long support.

And the Winner Is…

So which method reigns supreme? Honestly, it depends on your specific situation! Talk therapy can be great if you’re trying to work through past traumas or understand unhealthy relationship patterns. But biologically oriented treatments may be necessary if there’s an underlying chemical imbalance that needs addressing.

There’s no complete answer since everyone’s circumstances are different so just try what suits best out of possible avenues towards betterment causing fewer negative consequences to achieve that desired equilibrium.

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