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What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia diabetes?

Hypoglycemia can happen in people with diabetes if the body produces too much insulin. Insulin is a hormone that breaks down sugar so that you can use it for energy. You can also get hypoglycemia if you have diabetes and you take too much insulin.

How does diabetes cause hypoglycemia? Hypoglycemia can happen in people with diabetes if the body produces too much insulin. Insulin is a hormone that breaks down sugar so that you can use it for energy. You can also get hypoglycemia if you have diabetes and you take too much insulin.

What can cause hypoglycemia? Other conditions that can cause hypoglycemia include hyperinsulinism (high levels of blood insulin), underactive pituitary gland and inborn errors of metabolism such as maple syrup urine disease.

Does hypoglycemia cause diabetes? Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) has been associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, in particular for those who use insulin. “CVD remains the primary cause of death among insulin-treated people with diabetes.

Symptoms

Symptoms

Symptoms are sudden and range from mild to severe:

  • Excessive sweating
  • Tiredness, lightheadedness
  • Feeling dizzy and weak
  • Being pale
  • A sudden Feeling of excess hunger
  • Increased heart rate
  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • Irritable or nervous

Symptoms of hypoglycemia during sleep include:

  • Having nightmares
  • Crying in sleep
  • Excessive sweating so as to dampen your clothes
  • Feeling tired, irritated or confused after waking up

Severe cases can lead to:

  • Convulsions/seizures
  • Delirium
  • Fainting
  • Loss of consciousness

CausesCauses

  • The causes include:
  • Taking higher doses of certain antidiabetic medications such as insulin, sulphopnylureas (for example, glibenclamide, gliclazide), prandial glucose regulators (for example, repaglinide, nateglinide)
  • Medications such as antimalarial drugs
  • Deficiency of certain hormones involved in glucose metabolism e.g., cortisone
  • The risk factors include:
  • Delayed or skipping meals
  • Not consuming enough carbohydrates
  • Over exercising
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Medical conditions such as hepatitis, kidney problems
  • Diseases of pancreas that can lead to increased production of insulin

PreventionPrevention

  • Identifying the symptoms and taking immediate action is the primary preventive measure
  • Let your family and friends know the symptoms of hypoglycemia so as to get timely help
  • Discuss and check with your doctor if the medication doses can be altered
  • Read the instruction of your medications properly to keep yourself updated on their side effects
  • Take a blood test every 15-20 minutes to ensure the blood glucose levels have reached normal levels
  • Wear a medical alert bracelet or badge to let people know you have episodes of hypoglycemia

ComplicationsComplications

Extreme (or prolonged) hypoglycemia can lead to coma and death.

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What supplements raise blood sugar? Glucosamine sulfate is often used to treat joint problems. It might raise blood sugar levels in people with diabetes by increasing insulin resistance or decreasing insulin production. High-dose vitamin C intake has been linked to higher fasting blood sugar levels.

Why does my blood glucose drop after eating? The sudden influx of glucose causes the release of large amounts of insulin, which removes too much glucose and causes blood glucose to drop. Eating foods with a low glycemic index helps avoid dropping blood sugar levels after eating.

Why do I have low blood sugar after eating? In fasting hypoglycemia, a person gets low blood sugar if they haven’t eaten for a while. Reactive hypoglycemia is low blood sugar that occurs after eating, usually due to eating a meal high in carbohydrates. This causes the blood sugar to rise rapidly, which in some cases may stimulate excess secretion of insulin.

What is the best snack for low blood sugar? You can eat a banana or an orange; a few raisins or prunes. When your blood sugar is extremely low, you can eat any sugary food to raise it quickly to avoid complications. Jam, jellies and peanut butter with crackers are good options.