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What are the signs of tetanus?

The bacterial spores can enter the body through:

  • Lockjaw or tetanus develops when the spores of Clostridium tetani enter the body through deep cuts or wounds and these spores grow into bacteria that produces a toxin known as tetanospasmin which affects the nervous system.
  • Puncture wounds from splinters, nails, body piercings, or illicit drug injections
  • Gunshot or surgical wounds
  • Fractures and burns
  • Animal or insect bites
  • Ulcers in the foot
  • Dental infections

PreventionPrevention

Vaccination is extremely important and effective for the prevention of tetanus or lockjaw.

  • Apply direct pressure to control bleeding
  • Clean your cuts and wounds thoroughly with soap and running water
  • Apply a thin layer of antibiotic cream or ointment
  • Get immediate medical help for deep and dirty wounds
  • Take tetanus vaccine each time there is a deep wound
  • Leave the wounds open to avoid trapping of the bacteria
  • Once the wound has been covered, it needs to be changed regularly to prevent infection
  • Wash your hands regularly

ComplicationsComplications

If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

  • Broken bones due to severity of spasms
  • Pulmonary embolism or blocking of an artery in the lung from a blood clot that has traveled from another part of the body
  • Inability to breath or respiratory failure and death
  • Pneumonia, which can also lead to death

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askWhat is the prognosis for a patient with tetanus?What is the prognosis for a patient with tetanus?Prognosis. Current statistics indicate that mortality in mild and moderate tetanus is approximately 6%; for severe tetanus, it may be as high as 60%. Mortality in the United States resulting from generalized tetanus is 30% overall, 52% in patients older than 60 years, and 13% in patients younger than 60 years.

    Symptoms

    Symptoms of tetanus appear from a few days to several weeks after the bacteria enter the body.

    • Painful muscle contractions and stiffness, particularly in the jaw and neck
    • Jerking or staring, which are signs of seizures
    • Difficulty opening the mouth
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Stiffness in the abdomen
    • Painful body spasms which last for several minutes, triggered by minor things such as a loud noise, light or touch
    • Fever
    • Excessive sweating
    • Increased heart rate and blood pressure

    CausesCauses

    The bacterial spores can enter the body through:

    • Lockjaw or tetanus develops when the spores of Clostridium tetani enter the body through deep cuts or wounds and these spores grow into bacteria that produces a toxin known as tetanospasmin which affects the nervous system.
    • Puncture wounds from splinters, nails, body piercings, or illicit drug injections
    • Gunshot or surgical wounds
    • Fractures and burns
    • Animal or insect bites
    • Ulcers in the foot
    • Dental infections

    PreventionPrevention

    Vaccination is extremely important and effective for the prevention of tetanus or lockjaw.

    • Apply direct pressure to control bleeding
    • Clean your cuts and wounds thoroughly with soap and running water
    • Apply a thin layer of antibiotic cream or ointment
    • Get immediate medical help for deep and dirty wounds
    • Take tetanus vaccine each time there is a deep wound
    • Leave the wounds open to avoid trapping of the bacteria
    • Once the wound has been covered, it needs to be changed regularly to prevent infection
    • Wash your hands regularly

    ComplicationsComplications

    If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

    • Broken bones due to severity of spasms
    • Pulmonary embolism or blocking of an artery in the lung from a blood clot that has traveled from another part of the body
    • Inability to breath or respiratory failure and death
    • Pneumonia, which can also lead to death

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What is the prognosis for a patient with tetanus? Prognosis. Current statistics indicate that mortality in mild and moderate tetanus is approximately 6%; for severe tetanus, it may be as high as 60%. Mortality in the United States resulting from generalized tetanus is 30% overall, 52% in patients older than 60 years, and 13% in patients younger than 60 years.

    What is tetanus, what is the symptoms and treatment? Treatment depends on the severity of your symptoms. Tetanus is typically treated with a variety of therapies and medications, such as: antibiotics such as penicillin to kill the bacteria in your system. tetanus immune globulin (TIG) to neutralize the toxins that the bacteria have created in your body.

    How long before tetanus symptoms start? Tetanus symptoms usually show up 4 to 21 days after you’ve been infected with the bacteria that cause the infection. Most commonly, symptoms start after about 10 days.

    What are symptoms of tetanus poisoning? TETANUS SYMPTOMS. The most obvious symptoms associated with tetanus include stiff muscles, stiff jaw, muscle spasms, usually of the jaw or neck, muscle irritability, and a fever.

    What are the early symptoms of tetanus?

    What are the early symptoms of tetanus? Signs or Symptoms of Tetanus: Common first signs of tetanus are headache and muscle stiffness in the jaw, followed by stiffness of the neck, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, sweating, and fever.

    How long does it take for symptoms of tetanus to appear? Answer from 2 sourcesSigns and symptoms of tetanus appear anytime from a few days to several weeks after tetanus bacteria enter your body through a wound. The average incubation period is seven to 10 days. Common signs and symptoms of tetanus include: Spasms and stiffness in your jaw muscles (trismus)mayoclinic.orgThe symptoms of tetanus usually develop 4 to 21 days after infection. On average, they start after around 10 days. The main symptoms include: stiffness in your jaw muscles (lockjaw), which can make opening your mouth difficult painful muscle spasms, which can make breathing and swallowing difficultnhs.ukWhat is the diagnosis and treatment of tetanus?What is the diagnosis and treatment of tetanus? Tetanus Diagnosis. Doctors diagnose tetanus based on a physical exam, medical and immunization history, and the signs and symptoms of muscle spasms, stiffness and pain. Treatment. There’s no cure for tetanus. Lifestyle and home remedies. Preparing for your appointment.

    Does tetanus go away? Symptoms may last 3 to 4 weeks, although complete recovery can take several months. Tetanus can be mild, but in most cases the illness is severe and death may occur even after treatment has begun. Tetanus usually requires a long stay in the intensive care unit of the hospital.