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What are the effects of b12 deficiency?

  • It occurs due to decreased intake of the vitamin, increased requirements or poor absorption.
  • Decreased intake :
  • People in a strict vegan diet
  • Decreased absorption:
  • In the elderly especially due to lack of intrinsic factor that aids in B-12 absorption (pernicious anemia)
  • In people who have undergone surgery involving removal of the section of the bowel responsible for B-12 absorption
  • Atrophic gastritis
  • People on metformin for diabetes
  • People on chronic use of anti-acid drugs and protein pump inhibitors
  • The risk factors include:
  • Vegans
  • Pregnancy
  • Alcohol
  • Certain medications which block absorpition of vitamins

PreventionPrevention

By eating a balanced diet including meat, poultry, cheese, milk among others.

ComplicationsComplications

If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

  • Vascular disease including stroke, pulmonary embolism due to elevated homocysteine
  • Memory loss
  • Ataxia
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • depression

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askWhat are the side effects of not enough vitamin B12?What are the side effects of not enough vitamin B12?Vitamin B12 deficiency that persists for years can cause severe, irreversible neurologic damage—think memory loss, disorientation, and an inability to concentrate. Other permanent side effects include nerve damage, insomnia, erectile dysfunction, even difficulty with bowel and bladder control, says Moon.

    Symptoms

    The symptoms include:

    • Skin pallor and yellowing of Skin
    • Extreme weakness and fatigue
    • Sensations of pins and needles due to nerve damage
    • Glossitis and mouth ulcers
    • Breathlessness and dizziness
    • Mood changes: depression, psychosis and irritability
    • Some loss in sense of touch, walking and vision problems
    • Symptoms of dementia
    • Loss of appetite and weight loss

    CausesCauses

    • It occurs due to decreased intake of the vitamin, increased requirements or poor absorption.
    • Decreased intake :
    • People in a strict vegan diet
    • Decreased absorption:
    • In the elderly especially due to lack of intrinsic factor that aids in B-12 absorption (pernicious anemia)
    • In people who have undergone surgery involving removal of the section of the bowel responsible for B-12 absorption
    • Atrophic gastritis
    • People on metformin for diabetes
    • People on chronic use of anti-acid drugs and protein pump inhibitors
    • The risk factors include:
    • Vegans
    • Pregnancy
    • Alcohol
    • Certain medications which block absorpition of vitamins

    PreventionPrevention

    By eating a balanced diet including meat, poultry, cheese, milk among others.

    ComplicationsComplications

    If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

    • Vascular disease including stroke, pulmonary embolism due to elevated homocysteine
    • Memory loss
    • Ataxia
    • Peripheral neuropathy
    • depression

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What are the side effects of not enough vitamin B12? Vitamin B12 deficiency that persists for years can cause severe, irreversible neurologic damage—think memory loss, disorientation, and an inability to concentrate. Other permanent side effects include nerve damage, insomnia, erectile dysfunction, even difficulty with bowel and bladder control, says Moon.

    What are some interesting facts about B12? Here is some interesting vitamin B12 information. Vitamin B12 belongs to the vitamin B complex group and is used for the treatment of pernicious anemia. It is also referred to as cobalamin since it contains cobalt. Primarily, vitamin B12 is found in protein rich foods like meat, particularly shellfish and liver, dairy products, and eggs.

    How much B-12 should a senior have? The IOM advises that older adults take supplements and eat fortified foods, which contain a more easily absorbed form of this nutrient, to help meet their daily requirements for B-12. The Linus Pauling Institute recommends that adults over 50 should get 6 to 30 mcg of B-12 daily in fortified cereals or multivitamins.

    Is it OK to take 1000 mcg of vitamin B12 a day? Vitamin B12 is relatively safe, even at high doses of up to 1,000 mcg. While consuming 1,000 mcg of B12 from supplements or from your diet may not pose a health threat, you can only absorb about 10 mcg per day, explains the Linus Pauling Institute. See Full Answer.

    Are there any side effects to taking vitamin B 12?

    Are there any side effects to taking vitamin B 12? Oral vitamin B-12 is safe to take at recommended doses for healthy people. Injectable vitamin B-12, which is used to treat significant deficiencies, can cause the following side effects: mild diarrhea. itching. skin rash.

    What happens to your body when you have a vitamin B12 deficiency? 2. Weakness and Fatigue Weakness and fatigue are common symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency. They occur because your body doesn’t have enough vitamin B12 to make red blood cells, which transport oxygen throughout your body. As a result, you are unable to efficiently transport oxygen to your body’s cells, making you feel tired and weak.

    Can a vitamin B12 deficiency be mistaken for a folate deficiency? A B12 deficiency can sometimes be mistaken for a folate deficiency. Low levels of B12 cause your folate levels to drop. However, if you have a B12 deficiency, correcting low folate levels may simply mask the deficiency and fail to fix the underlying problem (3). Here are 9 signs and symptoms of a true vitamin B12 deficiency.

    What foods should you avoid if you have a B12 deficiency? The only foods that deliver it are meat, eggs, poultry, dairy products, and other foods from animals. Strict vegetarians and vegans are at high risk for developing a B12 deficiency if they don’t eat grains that have been fortified with the vitamin or take a vitamin supplement.