How to treat hyponatremia?

Hyponatremia, also known as water intoxication, is a condition caused by low sodium levels in the blood. It may not sound too serious, but trust me it’s nothing to laugh about (okay maybe a little). If left untreated, hyponatremia can lead to seizures, brain damage and even death.

In this article, we’ll explore some of the best ways you can treat hyponatremia without being boring or overly-medical. Don’t worry we won’t make it as dry as your mouth when you’re hungover, so grab yourself a drink with some electrolytes and let’s dive into the salty sea of treatment options.

What Causes Hyponatremia?

Before we discuss how to treat hyponatremia, let’s take a look at what causes it. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Drinking too much water
  • Excessive sweating
  • Certain medications such as diuretics and antidepressants
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney disease

Now that we have identified some potential culprits for causing hyponatremia let’s get into treating them.

Increase Your Sodium Intake

One of the easiest ways to treat mild cases of hyponatremia is by increasing your sodium intake through diet or supplements. While consuming more table salt than usual might seem counterintuitive if you’ve been told over and over again during physical activity not only will receiving adequate fluids help prevent dehydration but also adding Sodium rich food will help maintain plasma volume/cellular integrity within tissue types (I’m pretty sure I just made that up) Like an avocado? Throw on sprinkle top with iodized table for taste after exercise sessions!

Foods high in sodium include:

Food Serving size Sodium content
Pretzels 1 oz 385mg
Ham (deli-sliced) 3 ounces 1000mg
Sunflower Seeds 2 tablespoons 193 mg
Salted Butter 1 tbsp. 82 mg

Alternatively, you can try taking sodium supplements such as salt tablets or electrolyte drinks to help replenish your body’s sodium levels. Just make sure not to overdo it on the salt and always consult with your doctor before trying any new supplements.

Fluid Restriction

If your hyponatremia is caused by excessive water intake, one of the simplest ways to treat the condition is by restricting fluid intake. Don’t worry we’re not telling you have to stop hydrating entirely next week (Geez this isn’t a torture chamber). Instead, only drink enough fluids to satisfy thirst and avoid consuming large amounts of plain water or other hypotonic beverages. Electrolyte rich drinks like Powerade are great alternatives that contain adequate equilibrium imbalance type solu- okay look I’m just copying from my chemistry textbook now.

Address Underlying Medical Conditions

Hyponatremia can sometimes be a side effect of other underlying medical conditions such as heart failure and liver disease which require proper treatment in order for correct Sodium balance within plasma volume levels (Wow, I sound really smart when I use big words) To properly alleviate hyponatremia associated with these issues requires treatment/management specific treatments tailored towards those certain conditions (it’s all about specificity!)

This may involve medications like diuretics along with lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking or following a diet low in fat/salt content!!(sorry needed an excuse reject unhealthy foods). Doctors might also recommend more rigorous measures including dialysis if serious enough cases arise.. so lets try our best to avoid that scenario.


Hyponatremia may sound like a mouthful but treating it doesn’t have to be. Increasing your sodium intake, restricting fluids if appropriate and addressing underlying medical conditions are just some of the ways you can treat this condition effectively. Just remember the importance of getting adequate sodium in diet for daily hydration needs,

I hope my humor managed to soften the blow without softening up our facts. If you suspect hyponatremia or any other serious medical concerns please reach out directly immediately!!! Stay hydrated and salty everyone! 😂

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