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How to prevent atelectasis?

It may be caused by a blocked airway (obstructive) or pressure from outside (non-obstructive).

Causes for obstructive atelectasis are:

  • Mucus buildup – secretions collect in the airways due to infections or surgery
  • Infection – bacterial viral or fungal Infection in the lungs can scar and disrupt the airflow
  • Foreign objects – accidental inhalation of small objects
  • Tumor – abnormal growth in the airway can block the airflow to lung
  • Blood clot – clot due to excessive bleeding can block the airway

Causes for non-obstructive atelectasis are:

  • Pleural effusion – Accumulation of fluid in the space outside the lungs, inside the chest cavity (Pleural space) can press on the airways, causing the collapse
  • Pneumothorax – injuries in the lungs that causes air to leak into Pleural space
  • Tumor of the chest wall,pleura or lung parenchyma
  • Pneumonia – A lung Infection
  • Surfactant deficiency

Risk factors include:

  • Age – older age
  • Confined to bed (bed-ridden)
  • Any recent major surgery of abdomen or chest
  • Lung diseases such as Asthma, COPD

PreventionPrevention

  • Encourage movement and deep breathing in anyone who is bedridden for long periods
  • Do not keep small objects at young children’s reach
  • Breathe deeply after anesthesia

ComplicationsComplications

The prolonged condition might lead to

  • Low blood oxygen (hypoxemia): Atelectasis hampers the ability of lungs to get oxygen into the alveoli
  • Pneumonia: Mucus in collapsed lungs can lead to infection. There is a greater risk of pneumonia if the atelectasis is not cleared
  • Respiratory failure: In severe cases, loss of lobe or whole lung can be life threatening
  • Sepsis: Widespread infection that can be life threatening

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askDoes atelectasis go away?Does atelectasis go away?Treatment. Treatment of atelectasis depends on the cause. Mild atelectasis may go away without treatment. Sometimes, medications are used to loosen and thin mucus. If the condition is due to a blockage, surgery or other treatments may be needed.

    Symptoms

    Mild cases show no signs and symptoms. However, symptoms develop when a large part of the lung is affected. Commonly seen symptoms are:

    • Difficulty in breathing (dyspnea)
    • Rapid, shallow breathing
    • Chest pain
    • Coughing

    CausesCauses

    It may be caused by a blocked airway (obstructive) or pressure from outside (non-obstructive).

    Causes for obstructive atelectasis are:

    • Mucus buildup – secretions collect in the airways due to infections or surgery
    • Infection – bacterial viral or fungal Infection in the lungs can scar and disrupt the airflow
    • Foreign objects – accidental inhalation of small objects
    • Tumor – abnormal growth in the airway can block the airflow to lung
    • Blood clot – clot due to excessive bleeding can block the airway

    Causes for non-obstructive atelectasis are:

    • Pleural effusion – Accumulation of fluid in the space outside the lungs, inside the chest cavity (Pleural space) can press on the airways, causing the collapse
    • Pneumothorax – injuries in the lungs that causes air to leak into Pleural space
    • Tumor of the chest wall,pleura or lung parenchyma
    • Pneumonia – A lung Infection
    • Surfactant deficiency

    Risk factors include:

    • Age – older age
    • Confined to bed (bed-ridden)
    • Any recent major surgery of abdomen or chest
    • Lung diseases such as Asthma, COPD

    PreventionPrevention

    • Encourage movement and deep breathing in anyone who is bedridden for long periods
    • Do not keep small objects at young children’s reach
    • Breathe deeply after anesthesia

    ComplicationsComplications

    The prolonged condition might lead to

    • Low blood oxygen (hypoxemia): Atelectasis hampers the ability of lungs to get oxygen into the alveoli
    • Pneumonia: Mucus in collapsed lungs can lead to infection. There is a greater risk of pneumonia if the atelectasis is not cleared
    • Respiratory failure: In severe cases, loss of lobe or whole lung can be life threatening
    • Sepsis: Widespread infection that can be life threatening

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?Does atelectasis go away? Treatment. Treatment of atelectasis depends on the cause. Mild atelectasis may go away without treatment. Sometimes, medications are used to loosen and thin mucus. If the condition is due to a blockage, surgery or other treatments may be needed.

    What are the risks of atelectasis? Some of the risk factors for atelectasis include anesthesia, prolonged bed rest, lung disease such as cystic fibrosis or asthma, use of a breathing tube, weak respiratory muscles, foreign bodies in the airway, recent abdominal surgery, heart failure, obesity, and smoking. Often, the risk of developing the condition also increases with age.

    How can post-operative atelectasis be prevented? The post-operative atelectasis may occur within 48 hours of surgery. This can be prevented by stopping the smoking 6 to 8 weeks prior to surgery and the patient is advised with certain breathing exercises.

    What causes mild atelectasis? There are various causes due to which mild bibasilar atelectasis may happen. Following are the causes: Bronchial Obstruction. The bronchial obstruction is one of the most primary reasons for atelectasis.

    What are the signs and symptoms of atelectasis?

    What are the signs and symptoms of atelectasis? There may be no obvious signs or symptoms of atelectasis. If you do have signs and symptoms, they may include: Difficulty breathing (dyspnea) Rapid, shallow breathing.

    Is atelectasis curable? Atelectasis is seldom life-threatening and usually resolves spontaneously. If atelectasis is caused by a mucous plug or inhaled foreign object, it is curable when the plug or object is removed.

    Can COPD cause atelectasis? One particular risk is atelectasis, or simply put, the collapsing of a lung. COPD and atelectasis symptoms can feed off of one another, causing the two to occur together often. Atelectasis is categorized by the collapsing of the small air sacs positioned in the bottom and back of the lungs.

    What is treatment for round atelectasis? Several types of chest physiotherapy are also used to treat atelectasis. They include: Clapping on the chest over the affected area helps to loosen mucus. Deep breathing exercises performed using incentive spirometry. Lying down with the head at a lower level than the chest.