How is vitamin b12 absorbed?

Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient required by our body for various activities, including DNA synthesis and red blood cell formation. It also plays a crucial role in maintaining the health of our nervous system. Despite its significance to human health, your body cannot produce this vitamin on its own, which means you need to get it from food or supplements.

But how exactly does our body absorb vitamin B12? In this article, we’ll explore the science behind it all and break down each step along the way.

What Is Vitamin B12?

Before we dive deeper into how vitamin B12 is absorbed let’s first understand what Vitamin B12 is.

Some may say that
vitamin is just something that your mom told you were supposed to eat as a kid because they’re healthy – while others say vitamins are life itself! Vitamins are crucial organic molecules needed in small quantities to maintain proper bodily function.

Vitamin b-complex got called out at parties but doesn’t deserve it – It’s actually just a term used for the grouping of 8 different water-soluble vitamins found together principally in yeast extract, liver & some cereals that work best when paired with one another

When put together:
Basically, Vitamin b-complex has eight different forms of vitamins (B1:Thiamine;   B2: Riboflavin; CarenterJniacin) within it wherefrom these vitamins come out individually.
Taking a closer look at “cobalamin” or “cyanocobalamin,” which is one form of b complex-vitamins–Also known As “Vitamin-B,S-elusive-child”/It helps make RBCs (Red Blood Cells). Obviously important stuff!

In simple terms: Your mamma was right–a diet rich in vitamin-rich foods like meat/dairy/vegetables and tablets/pills rich in vitamins will make you less prone to illnesses, sleep better & grow up strong!

The Role of Intrinsic Factor

Here’s where it gets a bit more complicated. When we consume vitamin B12 from our food, it doesn’t immediately get absorbed by our body. Instead, it needs a protein called intrinsic factor – this compound is produced by the parietal cells of the stomach.

What Are Parietal Cells?
Parietal cells are not characters in Harry Potter’s ‘The Prisoner of Azkaban’. They’re actually found inside your stomach lining! These pesky little guys produce hydrochloric acid which helps digest proteins and prepare Vitamin-B12 for absorbing all that positive active goodness into your bloodstream.

Okay let us continue on to Intrinsic Factors’ role in b-12 absorption:

Intrinsic factor binds with vitamin B12 once you ingest them; This binding process activates/increases probability for transporters aiding in their subsequent transportation through your small intestine and gut wall membranes… leading up to finally be released into your bloodstream

This entire process takes place primarily in the stomach but plays out over several other stages during digestion.

The Stomach Stage

Once ingested from foods like meat/fish/dairy or supplementation – Hol’up Not so quick bud!
 These proteins exist within both animal products and bacteria-based fermented products (veggie-mushrooms).

Let’s talk about some fun-facts related to vegetables: Vegetarians can only obtain Vitamin-B12 through ferments having good bacteria sources such as Acidophilus milk/miso/sauerkraut/kimchi /spirulina.Funnily enough–mushrooms that were grown under UV rays also provide decent amounts of B-Complex Vitamins — Who knew?! (Not me)

Anyways back on track:
At this point, gastric hydrochloric acid (remember parietal cells producing it) reacts with the protein-bound vitamin B12 and cleaves it from the food. 
This then causes Vitamin-B12 to bind in a complementary fashion to “R-Backpack” called Intrinsic factor.

The Small Intestine Stage

Now, we’re ready for the next stage – this is where things get serious! Once hydrochloric acid has helped release vitamin B12 from our food, intrinsic factor carries it along through our digestive system until they reach our small intestine.

But wait?!
We thought Vitamins are absorbed by being eaten or slurped up like your favorite smoothie?

Vitamin-b twelve requires intrinsic-factor (a type of glycoprotein ) which prohibits its degradation & guides b-12 within absorptive epithelial cells staying safe and preventing early destruction /food wastage.What happens when you lose out on this facilitator, I hear you ask next? Welllll let’s just say-there’s way more ductile-membranes involved than any person would care to expose themselves too(in layman terms,digestion issues ahoy!)

Okay Back On Topic:
Our Intestine possesses complex molecular mechanisms (‘transporters’) that pull apart intrinsic factors’ binding to unveil-vitamins before sending them safely off into bloodstream-Sounds fancy but basically only implies these transporters use chemical “keys” to unlock proteins necessary for strong absorption.

From here on out vitamins=whizzing around the body

Absorption Rate Issues and Solutions

While Vitamin B12 absorption itself might seem complicated enough already — some people may face difficulties with absorbing large amounts of this nutrient thanks to various lifestyle choices or health issues.
The rate at which b-12 gets taken into human blood-based circulatory systems varies widely ! Those suffering from pernicious anemia frequently fall into this category; Their immune system commits mutiny against recognized intrinsic factors leading to drastic b-12 deficiencies. Another important note is the acidic environment of humans stomach; It prevents the survival of food-based bacteria that produces vitamin-b naturally until it combines with a molecule like intrinsic factor(Which makes absorption easier for us mere mortals)

But worry not – age aside, nutrient-rich foods such as milk, eggs & beef give an ample supply of Vitamin-B12 and are pretty reliable alternatives even if you’re struggling to get enough!

Summing It Up

To sum up everything we’ve covered so far:
• Vitamin B12 cannot be produced by our body.
• We can obtain it through various animal products or supplementation (for vegetarian options go in for spirulina/misokimchi/acodophilus milk )
• Upon digestion – acid work together with protein-bound vitamins freeing them from your meals.
  • This leads up intrinsic proteins carrying these guys all over digestive tracks before finally getting release into bloodstream. 
   • Transporters break off further complex-molecules assists these individual molecules absorption at intestinal walls into bloodstreams/releasing system.

So there we have it! Your essential guide to understanding how your body absorbs vitamin B12. Now, maybe call your mom and thank her for insisting that you finished off those vegetables growing up!