How is high blood sugar causes?

Picture this: you’ve just devoured a cupcake laced with more sugar than you can shake a stick at. Your sweet tooth is appeased, but something doesn’t feel quite right. Suddenly your heart is racing, your palms are sweaty, and you’re feeling more jittery than an over-caffeinated chihuahua. Congratulations! You might be experiencing high blood sugar.

A Sweet Introduction to Blood Sugar

Before we dive into the depths of high blood sugar (aka hyperglycemia), let’s talk about what it even is. In layman’s terms, it’s the amount of glucose (a fancy word for sugar) that’s floating around in our bloodstream at any given time.

Fun fact: Glucose comes from the foods we eat – specifically carbohydrates like bread, pasta, fruits…and yes…cupcakes 😋

Once those carbs break down in our digestive tract they form glucose molecules which are then released into our bloodstream to be transported to cells all over our body where they act as fuel.

Now here’s where things get tricky when there’s too much glucose floating around because either:
Our body isn’t producing enough insulin
Or…our body isn’t utilizing insulin effectively

(We’ll unpack that idea later on)

But before we dig too deep into how hyperglycemia arises let’s cover off some basics:

What is Normal Blood Sugar?

As with most things health related there isn’t one easy answer –different sources have slightly differing opinions on what constitutes “normal” blood sugar levels but generally speaking this chart below outlines acceptable ranges based on several criteria including age groups:

Blood Glucose Range Category
70-99 mg/dL Fasting or before eating
<140mg/dL (for non-pregnant adults) 1-2 hours after eating
<120mg/dL (for pregnant adults with type 2 diabetes) 1 hour after beginning the meal
<100mg/dL (for pregnant adults without diabetes) Fasting before pregnancy

It’s important to note that everyone is unique – and some people operate best at specific ranges outside of what these charts suggest. Unless there are signs indicating an imbalance in blood sugar, Target ranges should be discussed with a personal physician.

What Causes Hyperglycemia?

Okay, now let’s get into how hyperglycemia comes about. As mentioned earlier – either our body isn’t producing enough insulin or it isn’t using the insulin effectively which in both cases leads to higher levels of glucose building up in our bloodstream.

Here are some factors that can lead to high blood sugar:

Let’s Talk Insulin Resistance

When we talk about needing “insulin” we’re specifically referring to a hormone created by special cells called beta cells found within the pancreas (see illustrations below for reference)


Ultimately when we eat foods containing carbohydrates such as: pizza, pasta or sugary drinks etc., they cause spikes in [Blood Glucose Levels]((#what-is-normal-blood-sugar}), but typically levels drop quickly following release functional insulin from pancreases beta-cells…Unless someone have difficulties creating functioning Insulin units due genetic reasons or their lifestyle choice (such as regularly excessive consumption), causing possible insulin resistance – meaning your body becomes desensitized capacity of Beta Cells’ creation ; preventing them parking excess glucose sugar molecules out of your bloodstream

To put it tersely–if you’re not giving your body the support it needs to do its job, then you’re putting yourself at risk for hyperglycemia. Complicating matters, people with type 2 diabetes often experience insulin resistance and difficulties breaking down sugars properly–especially when indulging in sugary treats excessively 🍪💥

Other Factors Leading To Hyperglycemia

There are multiple factors outside of Insulin Responsiveness/Resistence that can create unfavorable Blood Glucose Values:

  • Stress : When your body is feeling extra anxious or stressed-out cortisol a “stress hormone” which affects blood sugar levels.
  • Impacted Sleep: A lack of sleep complicated how the body functions overall ; including preventing effective management of glucose levels – so hit that snooze button y’all!
  • Certain medications: Check-in with your Doctors about any potential side-effects
    of medication you maybe regularly taking — some such as steroids be known lead cause increased blood sugar affected individuals
  • Recent illness : Your immune system may kick into high gear causing an increase stress on other bodily systems like either increasing production Chronic Cortisol / Epinephrine , possibly triggering a temporary decrease in Insulin sensitivity.

Fun Fact: Did you know women carrying little bundles of joy (#pregnancy) might go through gestational diabetes; this variation affect females who normally don’t encounter pre-existing metabolic deficiencies but due adaptations throughout the pregnancy restricting optimal processing ability within carbohydrates from ingested food?

Now let’s transition towards something slightly more optimistic!

Identifying Symptoms/SideEffects Are The First step Towards Healthier Habits

Being able to recognize signs & symptoms before they turn into full-blown episodes can very helpful towards long term healthy living! Consider these red flags:


You’ll see many horror stories behind delayed health resolutions would stem from neglecting recognizing a change, and pursuing the correct direction to resolve potential issues. Let’s cover some high-level symptoms of hyperglycemia :

Digestive Issues

Feeling Nauseous / Dizzy/ Lightheaded / Generally Altered Mental State can often describe early stages an over abundance glucose within bloodstream. Since Insulin is responsible for escorting sugar molecules into our cells when we develop insulin resistance – preventing glucose from entering – this often lead water-leech via Urinal Tract heavily affecting ones hydration levels throughout with higher frequency trips toilet than usual !

Fluctuating Hunger:

When Glucose Levels in blood are unbalanced (too low/too high) brain receives signals that might indicate it’s time replenish food storage making you feel more peckish frequently

Does developing great habits exhaust you?
I sure know it drains me… if only there was something to help us lift-over through those cravings

Fun Fact: One trick towards managing hyperglycaemia/Hypoglycaemia is prioritizing proteins and healthy fats! By incorporating these sorts of macronutrients with veggies or whole grains, they digest slower helping maintain consistent balance along with other methods recommended by Endocrinologists.

Vision Impairment

Yes, Eyesight Blurry vision —another unwelcome symptom could be due high blood glucose values builds up in eyes’ lens altering refraction capabilities resulting unclear imagery perception prompting headaches

If any such signals mentioned above are reoccurring progressively please consider arranging appointment specialist known as A “Endocrinologist” whom specialize directly Diabetes Management; Always better safe than sorry in terms resolving serious medical conditions!

Treating High Blood Sugar Levels: Terms You Have To Know In Order To Act Accordingly

Is there a cure for Type-2 diabetes?? Well , no—however living consciously & proactively can indeed result progressions/resolutions respective metabolic imbalances via the great work of allied health professionals .

Moving forward its important understanding identifying key terminology & tactics essential towards balancing glucose levels:

Blood Glucose Meter

A device used to measure blood sugar often small enough to fit portable enough travel around with ease; using little pricking device same as you’d obtain sample from finger 8-10 seconds get feedback current reading ; consider taking readings before and after certain baseline meals if specific patterns sometimes indicates heightened difficulties.

Fun Fact: While your genetics will always serve as a foundation for care it goes without saying that following healthy habits such: sufficient sleep, proper nutrition (again incorporating proteins/heangthy fats) along with light movements in such as strolling fresh air lowers chances these chronic issues worsening!

Medication Management

Metformin likely sound recognizable medication have come across at some point – an oral hypoglycaemic treatment which reduces amount produced by liver helps body better manage existing insulin sensitivity. It’s not uncommon either insulin injections be implemented dietary changes/physical activity aren’t leading improvements within desired range.

Low Sugar diet “Hypo glycemia”

Regarding Hypoglycemia (#characterized by low Blood Glucose) Let’s cover few vital tricks recommended nutritional strategies for management :

  • Preparing smaller sized plate servings avoid temptations over-indulge – even removing sugary snacks entirely through reduction can make healthier outcome
  • Eating regular intervals spaced throughout day rather relying large portioned meals alone
  • Drinking water consistently stay hydrated avoiding dehydration complications.
  • Ingesting fiber-rich foods slows glucose absorption – this assistance digestion regulating excess sugar take-in uniformly prevented any sudden spikes / dips

Final Note: Embracing Lifestyle Change Optimizing Healthier Approach Fuller Life Ahead!

Living more consciously prescribed/necessary reactive measures chronically conditions long-term health insufficiency. Below are few personally endorsed recommendations assist targeting progressing battle against metabolic imbalances we covered earlier:

Mindful Movement

An active & healthy lifestyle iis a foundation of promoting success rate mitigate challenging patterns that arise with less-than-optimal system imbalances ; Regular (light-weight) Strength Conditioning and Low-Impact Aerobic Activities present notable improvement leisurely walk after meals, for example

Fun fact: Dancing is an excellent way to promote cardiovascular health not only does it keep your heart pumping blood around the body – but its low-impact so easy on joints.

Hydration Management

Staying hydrated crucial bodies overall flow including digestive systems proper functionality. At same time enough fluid intake also reduces likelihood suffering associated symptoms such as headaches /fatigue; which often results in over-eating sugary snacks ultimately leading complications more severe metabolic disorders down road! Aim 2 liters per day roughly equates eight cups daily can have enormous benefits water bottle always nearby definitely help accomplish best care effort.

Support Your Mental Health

The impact chronic illnesses placed mental-can greatly add strain typical routine maintenance, therefore reframing positive outlook coping strategies beneficial making even smallest efforts towards healthier choices lead huge strides forward encouraging progressions management!

And voila! We’ve covered some key topics regarding High Blood (glucose) Levels common questions surrounding insulin resistance/low-sugar diets/generic medication prescribed sometimes physicians ; When all’s said and done truly understanding basics live move maintain prioritizing self-care assist removing potential obstacles standing between stronger future ahead.! 🥳🎉

Random Posts