How does lantus work in the body?

Lantus, also known as insulin glargine, is a long-acting insulin medication used to treat diabetes. But have you ever wondered how this drug works in the body? Well, wonder no more! In this article, we’ll dive into the inner workings of Lantus and explain why it’s so effective.

Insulin Basics

Before we get into Lantus specifically, let’s talk about insulin in general. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate blood sugar levels. When you eat carbohydrates (like bread or pasta), your body breaks them down into glucose (sugar). This glucose then enters your bloodstream and raises your blood sugar levels.

In response to high blood sugar levels, the pancreas releases insulin. Insulin helps transport glucose from the bloodstream into cells throughout your body where it can be used for energy. If you have diabetes, however, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively — leading to high blood sugar levels.

Now that we have a basic understanding of how insulin works let’s talk about Lantus specifically.

What Is Lantus?

Lantus is a type of long-acting basal insulin. It’s injected subcutaneously (under the skin) once daily and provides steady coverage for 24 hours without peaks or troughs like short-acting insulins cough cough Humalog cough.

The active ingredient in Lantus is called insulin glargine – which has been modified slightly using genetic engineering techniques so its structure prevents immediate absorption after injection but allows for slow release over time providing constant regulation over an extended period without sudden changes. It mimics your natural “background” level of Insulin on board well enough not to ask too many questions.

How Does Lantus Work?

When you inject Lantus, it forms a small depot or pool of insulin under the skin. From there, it’s slowly released over time into the bloodstream – similar to how your natural background insulin works although with Lantus you don’t have any weird irregularities like being too high in one moment and then too low out of nowhere… because with diabetes; we really need more surprises in our lives.

The effect of Lantus is called “peakless” which basically means that there are no real spikes or crashes as its digested by the body at a relatively constant rate Instead, it provides a slow steady stream supplying just enough Insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control throughout an entire day.

Some may say that this sounds boring — but for diabetics who often struggle with inconsistent blood sugar levels and finding balance, evenness can be pretty exciting.

How Is Lantus Different from Other Insulins?

Since other insulins feature different structures- they might act differently within our physiology. For Example, Rapid-acting insulins such as Novolog (as opposed to long acting insulins such as Levamir) have sudden peaks lasting approximately 1-3 hours after injection This can lead som people experiencing hypoglycemia when their short-term needs aren’t accounted for while on the other hand some medications like Toujeo are highly concentrated versions designed so less medication has to be injected leading to reduced frequency due what’s known as “Flat duration” meaning active ingredient potency lasts way longer.

Lantus differs from these varieties because You only need one injection per day
measured dosing is simple since syringes bear unique population-specific notches dispense units ranging between 2-80 injectable unit doses With pens auto-adjustable dosage quantity therefore eliminates variability in dose that comes about through idiocincy limited vision shaking hands etc

Another difference is that unlike fast acting options such as Novolog or Humalog, you cannot adjust your Lantus dose in real time to quickly address changes in blood sugar levels. Long acting insulins can only be adjusted on a day-to-day basis according to certain criteria equipping medical professionals with tools for long-term management of blood glucose levels.

How Is Lantus Administered?

Lantus is administered via subcutaneous injection into the fatty tissue under the skin usually around the abdomen region but if you missed leg days those could suffice as our offices aren’t beach clubs that require perfect shape. It’s important to rotate injection sites to prevent any noticeable side effects such as lypohypertrophy- which causes raises hardening redness and swelling on injected areas over time.

The pen system involved also doesn’t require much effort in setting up apart from gently swirling it before set-up each dosage administration. But one should always follow physician instructions despite what advice their friend “who has diabetes” may have.

Side Effects of Using Lantus

As with all medications, there are potential side effects when using Lantus. Some of these include:

  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Hypersensitivity reactions
  • Injection site reactions
  • Lipodystrophy
    Although relatively rare, hypoglycemia fortunately can be prevented by monitoring individual insulin needs over time while adequately adjusting doses upon recommendation.

Overall… I guess it’s pretty straightforward, huh? Insulin goes in and does its thing allowing diabetics like myself lead happier lives knowing Those wild highs and lows are things we’ve abandoned together!

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