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How does cirrhosis cause esophageal varices?

  • Varices are formed in the lower part of the esophagus as a result of portal hypertension (increased blood pressure in the vein that carries blood to the liver)
  • Scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) is the most common cause
  • Parasitic infections such as schistosomiasis can cause blockage in the portal vein
  • Blood clot: in the portal, splenic or other surrounding veins

PreventionPrevention

Esophageal varices are caused due to liver disease, so measures that maintain liver health can help prevent esophageal varices.

  • Get vaccination for Hepatitis.
  • Practice safe sex and avoid contact with body fluids of infected persons to minimize risk of Hepatitis.
  • Eat a balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid alcohol abuse.

ComplicationsComplications

If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

  • Variceal bleeding
  • Narrowing of the lumen of the food pipe after a medical procedure
  • Bleeding increases risk of infection

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?

  • People also askCan esophageal varices be cured?Can esophageal varices be cured?Endoscopic therapy is the main treatment for managing the esophageal varices and liver cirrhosis. It can be used as both primary and secondary prophylactic therapies. Endoscopic variceal ligation is executed until the varices are cleared, and this technique reduces the effect in the inner wall of the esophagus.

    Symptoms

    The condition does not show symptoms unless they bleed.

    • Pain in the abdomen
    • Vomiting Blood
    • Black, tarry stools
    • Bloody stools
    • Pale skin
    • Dizziness/feeling faint
    • Other symptoms such as jaundice may be seen as a result of an underlying liver disease

    CausesCauses

    • Varices are formed in the lower part of the esophagus as a result of portal hypertension (increased blood pressure in the vein that carries blood to the liver)
    • Scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) is the most common cause
    • Parasitic infections such as schistosomiasis can cause blockage in the portal vein
    • Blood clot: in the portal, splenic or other surrounding veins

    PreventionPrevention

    Esophageal varices are caused due to liver disease, so measures that maintain liver health can help prevent esophageal varices.

    • Get vaccination for Hepatitis.
    • Practice safe sex and avoid contact with body fluids of infected persons to minimize risk of Hepatitis.
    • Eat a balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight.
    • Avoid alcohol abuse.

    ComplicationsComplications

    If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

    • Variceal bleeding
    • Narrowing of the lumen of the food pipe after a medical procedure
    • Bleeding increases risk of infection

    What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?Can esophageal varices be cured? Endoscopic therapy is the main treatment for managing the esophageal varices and liver cirrhosis. It can be used as both primary and secondary prophylactic therapies. Endoscopic variceal ligation is executed until the varices are cleared, and this technique reduces the effect in the inner wall of the esophagus.

    What causes esophageal varices? Causes of esophageal varices include: Severe liver scarring (cirrhosis). A number of liver diseases — including hepatitis infection, alcoholic liver disease, fatty liver disease and a bile duct disorder called primary biliary cirrhosis — can result in cirrhosis. Blood clot (thrombosis).

    Can varices be reversed? Reversing Varicoceles. Varicoceles can be reversed through both surgical procedures and a nonsurgical treatment option. These treatments are designed to decrease the pressure in the varicose veins that make up the varicocele.

    What happens when your esophagus ruptures? When you esophagus ruptures, it allows the air, food and stomach acid to leave the esophagus and this causes tremendous inflammation in the chest. Fluids also at times may collect around the lungs and this condition is called pleural effusion.

    Are esophageal varices fully curable?

    Are esophageal varices fully curable? A liver transplant is the only way to completely cure esophageal varices. There are no known guidelines to lower the risk of this problem. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy https://www.asge.org

    What is prognosis of esophageal varices? Prognosis of esophageal varices. While a major complication of esophageal varices is the risk of bleeding, only a fraction of people with them actually develops this problem. However, when bleeding does occur, bleeding esophageal varices can be fatal in up to 50 percent of patients.

    What do you recommend for esophageal varices? The best way to prevent esophageal varices is to correct the underlying cause. If you have liver disease, consider the following preventive measures to reduce your risk of developing esophageal varices: Eat a healthy diet that largely consists of low salt, lean protein, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Stop drinking alcohol.

    Is there any treatment for the esophageal varices? If you have esophageal varices, treatment may be able to prevent bleeding. This treatment includes endoscopic banding or sclerotherapy (described in the Treatment section) to shrink the varices. Jun 11 2019