How does blood cancer occur?

Are you feeling brave enough to learn about one of the most un-fun things that can happen in your body? Let’s dive into the world where cancerous cells take over and ruin everything. In this article, we will explore what blood cancer is, which types exist, how it develops inside our bodies (spoiler: it’s not good), and finally try to discover what kind of treatment options are available.

What is Blood Cancer?

So first things first. What is blood cancer actually? Well, let me tell you that friends – it’s nasty stuff! You see when people talk about “blood cancers,” they’re referring to three major types:

  1. leukemia
  2. lymphoma
  3. myeloma

All three types start with mutations developing in white blood cells or related cell components within the bone marrow – which as a side note just sounds like a horrible place where these mutant cells come from.

Once healthy white bloods go rogue and become corrupted by genetic errors as (a common occurrence) cancer begins its schoolyard bully act against other bodily functions and systems – no bueno!

Types of Blood Cancers

Let’s take a closer look at each type:


This term covers different malignancies appearing in your bone marrow or even throughout your bloodstream, but mostly affecting white blood cell production.


Types of tumors linked directly with lymphatic system complications fall under this category.


Abnormal plasma cell growth results in myelomas occurring mainly in red marrows.

Now that we identified them all let’s move on to how precisely any of those disgusting diseases could have happened inside our meat bag machines.

The Mechanics Behind Blood Cancer Development

Cue science-y brain neurons firing up!

Now hear this because I am about to reveal how these aggressive monsters grow in the first place. It always starts with a genetic mutation of blood cells, but there are a few different factors that could lead to them getting faulty or entirely monstrous in behavior.


The older you get – and I’m sorry to say this folks the higher your risks become of developing leukemia.

Family History

People whose family members, especially parents or siblings (read: immediate relatives), had any malignancies involving hematological components before have increased chances of suffering from it too.

Exposure to Radiation and Chemicals

We live in an age-old society where industry is everywhere and environmental impacts take their toll on all biological forms on this planet. Therefore exposure to radiation, chemicals such as benzene fumes being one example (DON’T try inhalation at home kids!) can cause mutations that eventually turn into cancer over time.

Risk Factors Explained

Let’s break down risk factors for each type:


Risk for leukemia increases with age above 55 years old, exposure to certain chemicals such alkylating agents including chemotherapy drugs & pesticides previously mentioned, pre-existing blood conditions like MDS (“Myelodysplastic Syndrome”), Down’s syndrome sufferers developed AML (in rare occasions ALL) lymphatic system cases correlation – now isn’t having those type(s) of problems fun already?


### Lymphoma
The non-Hodgkin variety becomes more likely once people cross their fifties threshold resulting also from weaker immune systems after post-transplant procedures using immunosuppressant medications during similar severe bacterial/viral infections episodes.

In conclusion, it’s terrible that these aggressive diseases even exist within us. But while science tries hard every day researching new therapies towards defeating what was supposed to be unbeatable leads optimistic potential results shining through lab test tubes worldwide hopefully tucking some peace into our hearts someday knowing we won’t always have to fight blindly.

To make sure you never encounter cancer of any kind, this is the best tip I can offer right now: eat healthily, sleep when it’s required, get enough exercise (keep your body active/ healthy) and above all – avoid inhaling fumes made of chemicals straight outta Chernobyl because that stuff is not good for anyone’s blood streams!
We hope we’ve helped demystify one of those complicated things in life – until next time!

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