How do you treat sinusitis?

Sinusitis is a common condition caused due to the inflammation of the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities in the skull. It affects millions of people every year, causing discomfort and pain. If left untreated, sinusitis can lead to serious complications such as eye infections, meningitis, and other infections. Therefore, it is essential to treat sinusitis on time. In this article, we will discuss the most effective ways to treat sinusitis.

The Symptoms of Sinusitis

Sinusitis can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

Nasal congestion

This is the most common symptom of sinusitis. The sinuses become inflamed and filled with mucus, causing a feeling of pressure and congestion in the nose. It may also lead to difficulty breathing through the nose.

Facial pain

Sinusitis can cause pain in the face, particularly around the nose, and eyes. The pain may be deep and dull, or it may be sharp and focused in one area.


Headaches are another common symptom of sinusitis. The pain may be localized in one area or diffuse throughout the entire head.

Cough and sore throat

Sinusitis can lead to postnasal drip, which can cause a cough and sore throat.


In some cases, sinusitis may cause fever. This is more common in acute cases of sinusitis.

How to Treat Sinusitis

1. Nasal Irrigation

Nasal irrigation is a process of flushing out the sinuses with saline solution. It helps to moisturize the nasal cavity and flush out mucus and other debris, reducing inflammation and congestion. You can use a neti pot or a saline nasal spray to perform nasal irrigation.

2. Steam Inhalation

Steam inhalation can help to loosen mucus and relieve congestion. You can take a hot shower or use a steam vaporizer to inhale steam. Adding eucalyptus oil or menthol can increase the effectiveness of steam inhalation.

3. Decongestants

Decongestants are medications that help to reduce the swelling of the nasal tissues, making it easier to breathe. They come in the form of nose drops, nasal sprays, or oral tablets. Decongestants should not be used for more than three days, as they can lead to rebound congestion if used for longer periods.

4. Pain Relievers

Pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to alleviate facial pain and headaches caused by sinusitis.

5. Antibiotics

Antibiotics are medications used to treat bacterial infections. If your sinusitis is caused by bacteria, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. However, antibiotics are not effective against viral infections that cause sinusitis.

6. Surgery

In some cases, sinusitis may require surgery, particularly if it is chronic or if it is caused by a structural problem in the sinuses. Surgical procedures, such as endoscopic sinus surgery or balloon sinuplasty, can help to improve drainage and ventilation in the sinuses.

Prevention of Sinusitis

Preventing sinusitis involves taking steps to reduce your risk of developing the condition. Here are some tips to prevent sinusitis:

1. Wash Your Hands Frequently

Washing your hands frequently can help to reduce your risk of developing infections, including sinusitis.

2. Use a Humidifier

Using a humidifier can help to keep the sinuses moist, preventing the development of dry sinuses, which can increase your risk of sinusitis.

3. Avoid Irritants

Avoid irritants such as cigarette smoke, pollution, and allergens, which can irritate the sinuses and increase your risk of developing sinusitis.

4. Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of fluids can help to keep your sinuses hydrated, which can reduce your risk of sinusitis.


Sinusitis is a common condition that can cause significant discomfort and pain. However, it can be treated effectively with a variety of methods, including nasal irrigation, steam inhalation, decongestants, pain relievers, antibiotics, and surgery. It is also important to take steps to prevent sinusitis, such as washing your hands, using a humidifier, avoiding irritants, and staying hydrated. If you have persistent or severe symptoms of sinusitis, be sure to see your doctor as soon as possible for proper treatment and management.

FAQs about Sinusitis

Here are some of the most common questions people have about sinusitis:

  • What is sinusitis?
    Sinusitis is a condition where there is inflammation of the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities in the skull. It can cause symptoms such as congestion, pain, fever, cough, and sore throat.
  • What causes sinusitis?
    Sinusitis can be caused by many factors, including viral infections, bacterial infections, allergies, and structural problems in the sinuses.
  • How is sinusitis diagnosed?
    Your doctor will examine your sinuses and may order imaging tests such as CT scans to look at the sinuses in more detail.
  • Can sinusitis go away on its own?
    Sinusitis can go away on its own, but treatment can help to alleviate symptoms faster and reduce the risk of complications.
  • How long does it take sinusitis to go away?
    Acute sinusitis usually goes away within two to four weeks, while chronic sinusitis can last for months or even years if left untreated.
  • Can sinusitis be prevented?
    Yes, you can reduce your risk of developing sinusitis by avoiding irritants, washing your hands frequently, using a humidifier, and staying hydrated.


Mayo Clinic. (2021). Sinusitis. Retrieved from

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. (2019). Sinusitis. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Sinus Infection (Sinusitis). Retrieved from