How do you get a hiatus hernia?

If you’re reading this article with a burning sensation in your chest and an urge to Google “why does it feel like there’s a volcano erupting in my throat?”, then chances are, you might have a hiatus hernia. Now, we know what you’re thinking – how did I get here, where did I go wrong? The truth is, getting a hiatus hernia isn’t really something that can be traced back to one specific moment or action. Sucks right? But don’t worry, we’ve got your back (or rather your esophagus).

What is a Hiatus Hernia?

Before diving into the details of getting this pesky little issue, let’s talk basics. A hiatus hernia, also known as diaphragmatic hernia is when part of the stomach moves up through the diaphragm and bulges into either the thoracic cavity (chest) or neck region.

It sounds super scary but fret not because symptoms range from mild discomfort to unbearable heartburn so you may already have experienced some before ever knowing about it.

Risk Factors

Now for some bad news: contrary to popular belief there are various factors that play into whether someone will develop this form of jargon thus which cannot inevitably be avoided such as:

  1. Age- As people age their muscles weaken including those around our stomachs
  2. Being overweight/Obese-Excess body weight puts additional pressure on all organs including out stomachs
  3. Smokers – Smoking triggers weakening effects on overall bodie /muscles
  4. Genetics –inherited muscle weakness can be abettors.
    5.Lifestyle Habits – Focusing & Eating pattern , heavy lifting etc

Combined together along woth anatomical structure disturbances increase severe risk though occasional episode might heal themselves within days.

However while these four factors increases risks of hiatus hernias, it’s a known fact that even the healthiest person in the world can still be stricken largely due to genetic predisposition.

How do you know if you have Hiatus Hernia?

Most cases of Hiatus hernias are asymptomatic, meaning they show no symptoms. At times though might create mild-to-severe discomfort , Heartburn and indigestion therefore medical consultation is necessary. Common complaints include :

  • Stomach acid or food backflow into your throat
  • Shortness of breath or chest pain that worsens when lying down
  • Feeling blood flow sensation surrounding chest region

If any of these symptoms persist for longer than a few days please rush yourself over to see your doctor ASAP .


The diagnostic process includes various testing types from imaging to endoscopic procedures, so don’t forget this not an “ask reddit” situation whereby self diagnosis would suffice! If ever suspected our physician may carry tests just for confirmation sake according medical needs which might commonly include:

  1. Endoscopy – where an instrument with light source on one end and camera on other visualize insides & detect damages therein
  2. Barium Swallow X-ray -in this test patients swallow liquid barium contrast to let clear visualization during xray

Having identified through physicians’ evaluation one can thusly decide future actions including medications & treatment options.

Treatment Options

Good news: Not ALL hiatus hernia will definitely require surgical intervention! Most Mild cases are also treatable by controlling causal factors ( lifestyle adjustment ) such as avoiding late night snacking, sleeping upright et al.. Some home remedies like bananas or apple cider vinegar could provide instant relief against occasional episodes too.

More severe forms however require surgery but don’t worry its most commonly performed Minimally Invasive Surgery . Nowadays laparoscopic technique involving small abdominal cuts incisions being less invasive has proven quite successful option

But before taking surgical route , it is recommended to first follow dietary changes with consultation with preferred physician. Afterall watching what you eat has never hurt anyone!

Prevention Measures

Thus far, there are no research-backed recommendations for preventing hiatus hernias due largely to its non-exclusive category (PSST remember genetic inheritance) . But we’re not saying give up! Proper lifestyle adjustment will help in avoiding exacerbating or developing new ones such as

  • a good standing posture
  • Don’t lie down right after eating
  • loosing excessive cholesterol packed weight
  • Don’t smoke lest you become more prone

Although, having a former family history might predispose one therefore making preemptive measures would prove worthwhile.

Bottom Line

In summary, the cause of hiatus hernia lies much deeper than just common misconceptions and old wives tales. Unfortunately despite some efforts they may never be prevented. However being guided by medical advise alongside conscious effort to avoid all possible aggravating factors from our daily living routine will reduce possibilities thereby ensuring safer healthier lifestyle.

Till scientists come up with miracle medication that address multivariate knowns let us all continue creating preventative measures !

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