Does pain raise blood sugar?

We’ve all experienced the sudden surges of sugar in our bloodstreams after munching on a candy bar or chugging down an energy drink. But, what about pain? Can pain actually raise blood sugar levels? In this article, we’ll explore the relationship between pain and glucose regulation.

What is Glucose?

Before delving into how pain affects glucose regulation, let’s first understand what glucose is. Glucose is a type of simple carbohydrate that serves as our body’s primary source of energy. It’s found in foods such as fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products.

When we consume carbohydrates-containing foods, such as bread or pasta, our bodies break down these complex carbs into simpler ones like glucose. Consequently resulting in blood sugar levels spiking up.

The Role of Insulin

Now that we know where the glucose comes from let’s discuss insulin -a hormone produced by specialized cells within the pancreas located just below your liver-. Insulin plays a crucial role when it comes to regulating blood sugar levels by promoting the absorption of excess glucose from your bloodstream after eating for storage purposes (mainly in muscle and fat tissues).

However; if there isn’t enough insulin present or well-absorbed by your body even though you produce flocks of them(1) then chances are high that you’ll end up with lots out excess unused/unabsorbed circulating around causing damage over time (which could develop into diabetes)

What Happens When We Experience Pain?

Pain can come in various forms ranging from typical headaches to severe muscle injuries. Whatever form it takes one thing certain concerning most types neurological pains are their significant impact on stress hormones particularly cortisol (secreted mainly by adrenal glands- eventually leads to increasing cortisol production). A notable rise occurs within a short period under stressors arising from physical injury/stressful situations i.e., hearing someone call themselves ‘spiderman’ who forgot to wash their webs in a public pool.

The production of cortisol can impact the body’s sensitivity to insulin resulting in too much glucose circulating within your bloodstream unable to be absorbed. When there is excess sugar circulating around, it often leads to conditions such as type 2 diabetes(1).

Cortisol and Glucose

Cortisol assists in regulating glucose that enters into the system by keeping lipid and protein break down at bay which indirectly increases our blood sugar level since our cell will resort more on easily obtained energy sources like carb-glucose when proteins are not available; lipids take longer time for breakdown though they tend to offer a relatively long-lasting form of energy-> sounds tautological right? Uh-huh yeah, life is fulls of grey areas… (still making sense?)

If excessive amounts of cortisol are produced even without any physical injury/stressful situation present; still, we see an increase in blood sugar levels due to its effect on glucose regulation – once again leading towards increased risk of developing diabetes or lowered threshold requiring medication management for you 2.

Pain Medications

When someone experiences pain, they may rely on medication or other methods such as therapy and massages, among others. Interestingly enough certain medications that typically relieve pain have been known also raise blood sugars with prolonged use or improper dosing -ultimately increasing risks associated with previously mentioned diabetic tendencies- . Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(Nsaid) particularly act alike raising average blood sugars over extended periods especially if taken along corticosteroids as prescriptions( Double Whammy!) 3.
To better explain some examples include:

Generic Name Brand Names
Diclofenac Cataflam®, Voltaren®
Ibuprofen Advil®, Motrin®
Naproxen Aleve®, Anaprox®, Naprosyn
Celecoxib Celebrex®


To wrap things up, pain can certainly raise blood sugar levels. This occurs through the influence of stress hormones such as cortisol on glucose regulation, particularly when one is experiencing physical injury/stressful situational occurrences often leading to increased risk of diabetes.

Exercise and proper diet still remain prominent strategies for preventing diabetes though more attention should be geared towards relieving oxidative stressors associated with neuronal feedbacks responsible for raising corticosteroid production.

For now keep watching your sugar intake by reducing processed food consumption (even if that means lesser ready-to-eat oat meals), maintain a healthy lifestyle -say no to being a couch potato-, and watch out from effective medication overdose in cases of neuropathic disorders acting alongside anti-inflammatory prescriptions without physician follow-ups.

Stay Healthy! Laughs Glaringly

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