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Does my child have tourettes?

All kids who have Tourette syndrome have tics — but a person can have tics without having Tourette syndrome. Some health conditions and medicine, for instance, can cause tics. And many kids have tics that disappear on their own in a few months or a year.

What are the first signs of Tourette’s? There are almost always signs of Tourette syndrome before age 21. The first signs are usually between ages 5 and 11. Early signs. Simple motor tics in the face. Like blinking their eyes over and over again. Or twitching their nose.

Can tics happen without Tourettes? It’s possible that your child may have what we call “motor tics” without having Tourette’s Syndrome. Tourette’s is diagnosed only when you have chronic occurrence of both motor and vocal tics. But there are transient (lasting less than a year) and chronic forms of motor tic disorders that occur without vocal tics.

When is Tourettes diagnosed? Tourette Syndrome is typically not diagnosed until after a year of a patient exhibiting both multiple motor tics and one or more vocal tics. The patient cannot have had more than three consecutive months without experiencing tics.

Do you have Tourette syndrome? Tourette syndrome is a condition of the nervous system. It causes people to have “tics”. Tics are sudden twitches, movements, or sounds that people do repeatedly. People who have tics cannot stop their body from doing these things.

Symptoms

Symptoms

Tics are the characteristic symptom of Tourette’s. Tics are sudden, repetitive, uncontrolled movements or sounds.

Simple motor tics: involve a limited number of muscles

  • Facial grimacing
  • Blinking
  • Eye darting
  • Shoulder shrugging
  • Nose twitching
  • Patterned eyelid twitching

Complex motor tics: involve several muscle groups

  • Sniffing or touching objects
  • Head banging
  • Obscene gesturing
  • Jumping and twisting

Simple vocal tics:

  • Throat clearing
  • Sniffing
  • Grunting

Complex vocal tics:

  • Repeating words or phrases
  • Involuntary swearing
  • Calling out

CausesCauses

  • The exact cause is not known. The causes may include:
  • A complex trait influenced by genetic, developmental and neurological factors
  • Misfiring of nerve cells in the part of the brain that controls movement called basal ganglia might be responsible
  • The risk factors include:
  • Having an affected family member increases risk
  • Infection with beta hemolytic streptococcus

ComplicationsComplications

  • Tics can cause social embarrassment
  • As the child gets older, inappropriate behavior (tics) can take the form of inappropriate sexual remarks or acting in a sexually aggressive manner
  • Accompanying disorders such as ADHD and OCD might cause behavioral problems and learning difficulties

What are the treatment options?What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What are the symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome? The main symptom of Tourette‘s syndrome is repeated movements or sounds, called tics, that a person can’t control. They can be simple, like constant eye blinking, sniffing, grunting, or coughing. They can also be complex, like shoulder shrugging, facial expressions, head movements, or repeating words or phrases.

How does Tourettes affect sleep? Getting to bed and falling asleep can be difficult for a child with Tourette Syndrome (TS). It has been estimated that as many as 80% of patients with TS have sleeping difficulties. This can be for a variety of reasons including: Increased time it takes to fall asleep secondary to tics.

Does Tourettes go away? Sometimes a person will have 1 or 2 tics for many years. Children who have Tourette syndrome usually have their worst symptoms when they are between 9 and 13 years old. After that time, the tics may fade in intensity or go away completely.

How do doctors diagnose Tourette syndrome? Tourette’s syndrome is best diagnosed by a neurologist as it is a neurological condition. The diagnosis is made by observing the symptoms and listening to the patient.