Can mirena cause abnormal pap smears?

If you’re here to find out whether your pap smear results might be due to that little, t-shaped contraceptive device tucked away inside of you- you’ve come to the right place.

First things first – let’s start with what exactly is Mirena?(sounds like a fancy name for a stripper)

What is Mirena?

Mirena isn’t some exotic dancer (unfortunately), but it is a highly effective form of intrauterine contraception (It goes where?). It’s also known as an intrauterine system, or IUS.

Now let’s get down and dirty about abnormal pap smears!

First off-What are Pap smears

Pap tests = cervix scraping(the one procedure we all can’t really prepare ourselves for)
Your doctor collects cells from your cervix and sends them over to a lab which then analyzes it under the microscope. These cells are checked for changes that could indicate cancer (insert screams here).
The pap test can show changes in the cells before they become cancerous making them super important! So we recommend getting regular check ups like your life depends on it.

A Tale Of Two Hormones: Estrogen & Progesterone!

Estrogen is a hormone responsible for thickening of endometrium (the uterus lining). In contrast, progesterone gets rush hour traffic moving around menstrual cycles AND(I’m not done yet) gives rise to more cervical mucus staying put during pregnancy preventing unfriendly guest access(sorry spermies). The problem arises when estrogen and progesterone work together promoting cell growth including normal cervical glandular tissue(pink squishy stuff).

So basically while these hormones love each other at times-it’s mostly toxic relationship(it’s complicated…) resulting in unwanted cellular division alongside other unhealthy junk happening around there(can i get an eww?)……

Whoop There It Is! Mirena

Mirena is a progesterone-only hormonal contraceptive that can change your cervical mucus (sounds like detergent brand), endometrium and cervix all to prevent pregnancy. But rare/uncommonly it may create abnormal changes in your cervical cells which show up on Pap test results looking very “abnormal”.

On the bright side, these abnormal cell changes almost always improve with time. Sometimes doctors refer to this as atypical squamous or glandular cells.
The best thing you can do if you have received news of an abnormal pap smear after using Mirena is…nothing!
Your doctor will keep an eye out doing follow ups (not stalkerish obsessively watching but more medical-like).

The Way Forward

Overall Mirena does not usually cause permanent damage to the body when used correctly/within guidelines by both manufacturer and doctor’s recommendation, but it is important to get checked regularly(sign me up for yearly HA!). Once stopped or removed from use most problems typically disappear within 1-2 cycles.(Bye bye forever lasting issues!)

When considering contraceptives there are pros and cons for each one such as cost, effectiveness and personal preference so make sure you discuss them thoroughly with your healthcare provider. Remember , everyone’s bodies are different(no one size fits all literally).

So ladies our takeaway from today–Get those annual checks done no matter what form of birth control we decide upon! feeling like a superwoman who takes care of herself just by reading that

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