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Can alcohol cause rhabdomyolysis?

Answer. You are correct in identifying that alcohol abuse can be related to the development of rhabdomyolysis. Alcoholism is a serious disease wherein patients exhibit a pattern of drinking that is repetitively destructive to their social, family, or personal life. Alcoholics very frequently use alcohol to the point that they lose consciousness.

What is rhabdomyolysis and what causes it? Rhabdomyolysis is a condition in which skeletal muscle tissue dies, releasing substances into the blood that cause kidney failure. Rhabdomyolysis is usually caused by a specific event. This is most commonly injury, overexertion, infection, drug use, or the use of certain medications.

Which medications may cause rhabdomyolysis? An overdose of aspirin or diuretics may cause an electrolyte imbalance and muscle injury. Alcohol and illegal drugs such as amphetamines, opiates, ecstasy, and LSD can also cause muscle injury. Trauma to the muscles, such as a crushing injury, electrical shock, or severe burns, can cause rhabdomyolysis.

What does rhabdomyolysis feel like? Common early symptoms of rhabdomyolysis include: muscle pain, often extremely painful aching and throbbing. muscle weakness. muscle swelling or inflammation. dark-, cola-, or tea-colored urine. general exhaustion or fatigue. irregular heartbeat. dizziness, light-headed, or feeling faint.

Which condition can cause rhabdomyolysis? Many types of infection and inflammation can cause rhabdomyolysis, including: viral infections. bacterial infections. polymyositis. dermatomyositis.

Symptoms

Symptoms

The symptoms include:

  • Muscle pain in the shoulders, thighs, or lower back
  • Muscle weakness or trouble moving arms and legs
  • Dark red or brown urine or decreased urination
  • Some cases may show no Muscle-related symptoms

CausesCauses

  • The causes include:
  • A crush injury such as from an auto accident, fall, or building collapse
  • Muscle compression due to prolonged immobilisation after A fracture or fall
  • Electrical shock injury, lightning strike, or third-degree burn
  • Venom from a snake or insect bite
  • Non-Traumatic causes:
  • The use of alcohol or illegal drugs such as heroin, cocaine or amphetamines
  • Extreme muscle strain, in trained and untrained athletes
  • High doses of certain medications
  • Heat stroke
  • Seizures
  • Hyperactivity in patients suffering from alcohol withdrawal.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Diseases of the muscles (myopathy) such as congenital muscle enzyme deficiency or Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy
  • Viral infections such as the flu, HIV, or herpes simplex virus
  • Bacterial infections leading to toxins in tissues or The bloodstream (sepsis)

PreventionPrevention

  • The disease can be prevented by drinking plenty of water.
  • Keeping well hydrated after exercise will help dilute out urine.
  • Plenty of fluid intake helps kidney to clear myoglobin.
  • During exercise, keep water accessible.
  • Drink water when thirsty and never wait for the thirst to increase.
  • In case of infection consult doctor immediately to prevent developing the disease.

ComplicationsComplications

If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

  • Electrolyte abnormalities
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Compartment syndrome
  • AKI and renal failure
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC, a late complication)

What diet is recommended?How is this diagnosed?For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice.Reviewed by a panel of doctors. Source: Focus Medica. Was this helpful?What does rhabdomyolysis feel like? Common early symptoms of rhabdomyolysis include: muscle pain, often extremely painful aching and throbbing. muscle weakness. muscle swelling or inflammation. dark-, cola-, or tea-colored urine. general exhaustion or fatigue. irregular heartbeat. dizziness, light-headed, or feeling faint.

Is rhabdomyolysis reversible? The overall prognosis of rhabdomyolysis is favorable as long as it is recognized and treated promptly. Most causes of rhabdomyolysis reversible. Severe cases of rhabdomyolysis may be associated with kidney damage and electrolyte imbalance and hospitalization and even dialysis can be required.

What causes muscle breakdown? Extreme physical activity can also trigger rhabdomyolysis. Certain medications, bacterial or viral infection can also result in muscle breakdown. Hypothyroidism, low levels of potassium, magnesium or phosphate in blood can also trigger muscle breakdown.

Is rhabdomyolysis chronic? Equine rhabdomyolysis, or tying up, in horses is characterized by the cramping and tightness of muscles after exercising. This condition is also known as exertional rhabdomyolysis, and may be chronic (recurring) or sporadic in nature.