Bacteria enterococcus faecalis como se pega?

Everywhere we go, there are millions of bacteria present in the environment. A lot of these microorganisms may be harmful to human health, and one such bacterium is Enterococcus faecalis. In this article, we will explore how this pesky bacteria enters our body and what we can do about it.

What is Enterococcus faecalis?

Enterococcus faecalis is a type of Gram-positive cocci bacteria that mainly resides in the intestines of mammals. Though not usually harmful inside our gut because they play an important role in digestion, infections occur when they enter other parts of the body.

Inside The Human Body

The most common areas where E.faecalis leads to infection are urinary tract infections (UTIs), endocarditis, dental procedures that lead to blood contamination which causes bacterial endocarditis or sepsis with serious consequences, meningitis particularly among newborns and immunocompromised adults.

How Does E.faecalis Spread?

E.faecalis spreads through indirect or direct contact with patients infected by opportunistic pathogens like Salmonella spp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa etc.. These can often result from becoming exposed to contaminated surfaces which includes the following ways:

Contaminated water supply.

Contamination involving fecal matter-producing species like swine/human waste

Unsterilized or poorly sterilized medical implements e.g.syringes/needles

Similarly Listeria outbreaks have been traced back having contaminated dietary supplements derived from bone marrow tissue extract.

Too much intake – both good & bad types- could alternatively favor their rise as gut dysbiosis sets up; nutrition affects balance required any dominant pathogenic strains take over hence priming immune dysfunction anywhere organ system disease results

Risks Of Contracting E. faecalis Infection

The people who are more vulnerable to E.faecalis infections include
– Patients on dialysis, which increases the risk of developing UTIs.
– Persons with weakened immune systems including young children and older adults over 65 years. Similarly immunocompromised individuals from chemotherapy/long-term use of steroids are more susceptible.

What Around The Home?

It’s prudent to be cautious when handling certain household items that could harbor Enterococcus:
– Bed linens
– Kitchenware
– Dirty laundry especially between those reusing soiled clothes/contact materials frequently [in poor work environments]
To minimize exposure to household bugs consumers should keep hands clean after sorting through any such articles/items & stove cooking thoroughly washing utensils post usage thereby ensuring hygiene practices everywhere.

How To Prevent E.faecalis Infections?

As they say, Prevention is better than cure so here are a few things you can do to stay safe –
1. Practice good personal hygiene — always wash your hands pre/post eating or touching contaminated surfaces.
2. Maintain cleanliness in shared spaces – disinfect high-touch areas often like toilet knobs / microwaves door handles etc.
3. Avoid sharing personal belongings/accessories [like towels/razors even within] unless absolutely necessary e.g extended family members stuck together during COVID19 awaiting test results they could share bedding/mattresses with minimal spread risk

Symptoms Of E.faecalis Infections

If proper prevention measures aren’t followed and a person becomes infected with E.faecalis, he/she may experience the following symptoms:

UTI (Urinary Tract infection)

Symptoms commonly associated with UTIs might seem innocuous such as having cloudy urine; there have been cases where noticeable pain while urinating/blood flecks were noticed by patients affected.


Patients suffering endocardidtis display symptoms including serious fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath/chest/abdomen discomfort while lying down


Newborns – especially those exposed to Group B streptococcus present in the birth canal during delivery which can lead meningitis.

Treatment Of E.faecalis Infections

In order to treat E.faecalis infections, drugs like ampicillin and vancomycin are typically administered. However note that severe cases could require multiple higher doses of antibiotics.

Patients with weakened immune systems such as young children or older adults over 65 years old who are more susceptible should be carefully monitored by health professionals throughout the treatment process.


While Enterococcus faecalis may seem daunting at first glance due in part to all kinds of news stories popping up every now and then; they often lead people into a panic about infection dangers everywhere. Just keep practicing good personal hygiene, avoiding sharing towels or other everyday objects whilst maintaining cleanliness around shared living spaces is key tips for proactively combating spread risks from pathogenic bacteria like these- it’s an effective roll-back strategy too!

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